Consolidated Appeal for the Central African Republic 2010
Duration: January to December 2010
Harvest: October-November 2010
Elections: April 2010
Target beneficiaries: 1,621,183 people
Funding request per beneficiary: (135 projects) $70
Total funding request: $113,615,353
The end of 2008 brought hope for the Central African Republic (CAR). However, 2009 brought CAR’s most affected populations back to the dire realities they endure on a daily basis, due to the resurgence of violence and slow progress on the path to peace. Despite numerous efforts made by the Government and communities, and cohesive support from the international community, basic survival is the main preoccupation for the majority of CAR’s four million people.
Some progress was made during 2009. Following the December 2008 Inclusive Political Dialogue, the Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) programme was put on track. This includes five armed movements that have joined the Libreville Peace Process ready to disarm. An inclusive Independent Electoral Commission was eventually appointed in October 2009. Thanks to numerous actions by the national authorities and non-state armed groups, human rights violations are declining though still prominent. The international community has reiterated its support to the country with a view to reaching more coherence. With the Government and civil society, the Peace-building Commission has designed an integrated Peace Consolidation Strategic Framework, which provides clear directions on all issues to address remaining priorities.
Despite these achievements, CAR’s humanitarian situation is deteriorating. CAR is now ranked 179 out of 182 countries on the Human Development Index, and key social indicators are still appalling. Mortality and global acute malnutrition among children under age five rank among the world's worst levels.
Moreover, forced displacements are again on the rise. The total number of CAR refugees in neighbouring countries now amounts to 137,242. The influx of refugees from DRC into CAR increases slowly but steadily: by the end of 2009, they numbered approximately 2,000. The number of internally displaced people (IDPs) is also on the rise, with an estimated 162,284 forced to move from home, or trying to return without conditions for basic durable solutions.
In the north-west of the country, relative stability did not result in safer conditions for the return of IDPs and refugees from Chad or Cameroon. In the centre-north, notably in the prefecture of Nana Grébizi and Bamingui Bangoran, two armed groups have resumed violent actions, leading to further population displacements. This includes 18,000 people seeking refuge in neighbouring Chad, preventing any local economic exchange, and threatening the DDR process and the entire peace process. In the north-east, local violent conflicts erupted in June 2009 despite the presence of the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT). This also led to thousands of new forced displacements, creating fear and distress, notably in and around Birao. The mid-year intrusion of elements of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) fleeing a regional joint military offensive created a new crisis in the far south-east of CAR, including the arrival of more than 2,000 refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the internal displacement of up to 5,000. The population was left traumatized. Gaining humanitarian access to those most in need remains a constant challenge, whether for political, logistical or security reasons.
The main challenges in 2010 will relate to the upcoming presidential and legislative election scheduled in 2010, and the implementation of the peace agreement and the DDR process. The outcomes are critical for the country’s immediate future and its potential shift towards development.
Humanitarian assistance in 2009 went beyond saving lives and protecting rights: it also paved the way for recovery and development. In line with this approach, the Humanitarian Partnership Team in CAR requires US$ 113,615,353 to address needs in 2010. Of this, 24% ($27,410,384) is for projects ranked as immediate priority, and 43.5% ($49,533,360) is for high-priority projects.
The Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team (HDPT) members urge donors to increase their support to the country at a time when it is needed and valued more than ever.