Consolidated Appeal for Central African Republic 2012
In 2011, the Central African Republic accomplished significant political milestones, critical to the consolidation of peace. These included successful presidential and parliamentary elections, the creation of a new government, the ceasefire agreements between the Government and the Convention des Patriotes pour la Justice et la Paix (Patriotic Convention for Justice and Peace/CPJP), and between CPJP and the Union des Forces Démocratiques pour le Rassemblement (Union of Democratic Forces for Unity/UFDR). Disarmament, demobilization and reintegration in the north-west of the country also progressed.
Despite the progress, sporadic clashes between armed groups continue in the north-east and eastern regions where the state is absent and the proliferation of arms is on the rise. Criminality and banditry continue to plague most of the northern half of the country. Meanwhile, populations in the south-east, including some 26,000 displaced people, remain confined to a few towns due to the threatening presence of the Lord’s Resistance Army.
The number of people still affected by displacement in the country is estimated at 171,751, of whom 105,206 are internally displaced people and 66,545 are returnees. Some 22,180 of the internally displaced people were newly displaced in 2011. Compared to 2010, the number of internally displaced people has decreased slightly. This might be a result of the gradual returns in the north-western regions and the increased effort by the humanitarian community to improve baseline data on displacement.
Insecurity and displacement place a severe burden on an already weak host population, chronically vulnerable due to poor infrastructure and the lack of government services to support the people’s needs. This makes large parts of the population heavily dependent on the humanitarian community for basic services such as health, water, sanitation and education, as well as general livelihoods support such as agricultural activities. Transition to long-term recovery and development programmes continue to be hampered in the absence of peace, security and stronger governance.
The overall security and humanitarian situation remains fragile and humanitarian action therefore continues to address the priority needs of an estimated 1.9 million people (over 45% of the estimated total population). The most vulnerable people are those living in regions affected by armed conflict or insecurity and people in post-crisis, most particularly internally displaced people, refugees, returnees and host communities.
The humanitarian community, whenever possible, will focus on interventions aimed at durable solutions. There will be increasing emphasis on supporting joint or multi-sectoral programmes, optimizing the limited resources available to make the strongest impact with the overall objective of reducing the aid dependence and vulnerability of the affected population.
In line with this approach, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) has identified the need for US$134,457,734 to support 105 projects necessary to address the needs of the most vulnerable people in the Central African Republic in 2012. 15% ($20,313,085) is for projects identified as immediate priority, 60% ($80,599,110) as high priority and 25% ($33,545,539) as medium priority. The HCT encourages donors to follow this rigorous prioritization in their funding decisions.
The main threats to the humanitarian community carrying out the identified necessary programmes in the Central African Republic are two-fold: constraints on access due to insecurity and increasing criminality, and the lack of minimum funding required for effective project planning and implementation. The Humanitarian Country Team urges donors to increase their support to the country to avoid slipping back into deeper crisis.
 Data from various sources compiled by OCHA, October 2011. Figures are only estimates, and may not include IDPs and returnees in areas with limited or no access most specifically in the east and north-eastern regions of CAR. See October 2011 report from OCHA, Overview of Displacement in the Central African Republic, for more information.
 Returnees are still considered displaced as they have returned to non-durable living conditions.