Consolidated Appeal for Chad 2009
The humanitarian crisis in Chad is generated by a degradation of the security situation in Sudan’s Darfur region, persistent insecurity in the Central African Republic (CAR), and increasing internal instability due to activities by armed groups and inter-ethnic tensions. Since 2003, Chad has sheltered 265,000 Sudanese refugees in the east and 58,000 Central African refugees in the south, whilst internal conflicts have caused the internal displacement of 180,000 Chadians in the east. Since 2006, humanitarian needs have increased but the delivery of assistance has been impeded by a deteriorating security situation.
In February 2008, rebels launched an attack on N’Djamena in an attempt to topple the regime of President Idriss Deby. Most humanitarian organisations working in Chad were evacuated, but humanitarian operations resumed in March and life-saving assistance was never interrupted. Peace accords with rebels have been negotiated but there is no peace yet. Tension with Sudan remains very high. Banditry is an additional source of concern and insecurity.
During the first ten months of 2008 there were 124 security incidents against humanitarian organisations in the east, of which 47 were against UN agencies and 77 against NGOs. Although insecurity meant that humanitarian actors had less access to beneficiaries in many areas, with occasions when operations had to be interrupted, humanitarian action has benefited over 500,000 people in 2008. Lives have been saved and the vulnerabilities of many have been reduced. The situation however remains critical. Increased violence, difficulties in accessing people in need, and the regular depletion of natural resources like water and firewood are significant factors which risk making the populations more vulnerable.
On 25 September 2007, UN Security Council resolution 1778 authorised the deployment of a peacekeeping force in eastern Chad and north-eastern CAR. It is also envisaged that the UN will take over the role of European Union Force in Chad and CAR (EUFOR Chad/CAR) in 2009.
However, because of continuing insecurity in Sudan and CAR, the return of refugees in 2009 is not likely as more refugees are currently seeking shelter in Chad, especially in the south. The east could also witness new population displacements. As far as internally displaced persons (IDPs) are concerned, some 3,000 families have returned to their place of origin during 2008. The results of a vulnerability assessment mapping are expected soon, which would allow humanitarian actors to further assess the possibility of IDP returns.
Humanitarian action in 2009 will continue to focus on emergency relief needs, emphasising self-sufficiency and developing the local capacities of all people affected by insecurity (internally displaced, refugees, and local populations). To implement these actions this appeal calls for the amount of