Consolidated Appeal for Chad 2010
Legislative 2010 and presidential 2011
Low production expected in the Sahel area
Low rainfall in the Sahel region
Populations of concern: 352,233 refugees (279,697 Sudanese, 72,536 CAR); 168,467 IDPs (Aug. 09); 20,000 returnees;
700,000 host populations
Eastern Chad (Sudanese refugees, IDPs, returnees); southern Chad (CAR refugees); areas of high malnutrition; areas prone to heavy flooding and epidemics
Funding requested per beneficiary: $283
Total funding requested: $451,153,765
Thanks to the 67% funding of the 2009 CAP, the aid community in Chad was able to continue providing vital assistance to Sudanese and Central African refugees, to Chadian internally displaced people (IDPs), and to members of the host population most affected by the presence of refugees and IDPs in the east and south-east of the country. This assistance contributed to the survival of more than half a million people. It was achieved in restricted humanitarian space, and in a complex and difficult security environment in which attacks and banditry have increased.
The root causes of the humanitarian situation in Chad are the spill-over from the conflict in Sudan’s Darfur region, the prevailing insecurity in northern CAR, and the inter-ethnic and political tensions in Chad itself. They still have the potential to cause further destabilisation. However, in the absence of any large-scale fighting in Chad in 2009, such as that during the rebel attack on N’Djamena in February 2008, the aid community generally agrees that the situation is now evolving away from a dynamic emergency phase and is predominately one of care and survival of the various populations.
This means that the challenges facing humanitarian actors have changed, but not eased, especially as insecurity continues to be a chronic problem. Therefore the strategic objectives of the 2010 CAP are to ensure the continuation of life-saving assistance and protection to refugees and IDPs in camps and sites, to continue to reinforce humanitarian space, and to build national and local actors’ capacity.
While the search for durable solutions, particularly for IDPs, has previously formed part of the strategic objectives, it is now emerging as a priority. There is a new emphasis on the need to orient humanitarian assistance towards supporting as much as possible IDPs who have returned to their areas of origin, or wish to integrate in their area of displacement, and the communities who host them. The outlook for IDPs’ return remains unclear, but if, when and where it does happen, it must be supported in order for it to be sustainable.
No new internal displacements have been reported since the beginning of the year. Between 20,000 and 25,000 people have returned home from 2008 to date.
In this emerging dynamic, the Government of Chad must be extremely proactive in putting adequate measures in place that will create an environment conducive to return for its citizens. The Government must ensure that it leads such measures as inter-community dialogue, that police and security bodies are operational, and that the judiciary is fully playing its role. The aid community can help to provide durable solutions to support IDPs but this is only feasible in a more secure environment.
When looking at the regional context, the outlook is that the return of refugees to Sudan and CAR is very unlikely to happen in 2010. These two countries still face instability related to rebel groups’ activities and uncontrolled insecurity, especially in areas bordering Chad. No new movement of Sudanese refugees has been registered this year. However, 15,000 Central Africans crossed the border to seek refuge in the south of Chad.
Humanitarian action in 2010 will continue to focus on emergency relief, while emphasising measures to increase the self-sufficiency and capacities of people affected by the crisis and identified to receive assistance. To implement the projects submitted in this Consolidated Appeal for Chad for 2010, seven United Nations agencies and 56 NGOs, in consultation with the Chadian Government and local communities, are appealing for $451,153,765.