Consolidated Appeal for Chad 2011
Duration: January to December 2011
Key milestones: Elections in 2011
Security of operations: DIS autonomous in 2011 post-MINURCAT withdrawal on December 31, 2010; humanitarian consequences of heavy rains on 2010-2011 harvests
Target beneficiaries: 170,531 IDPs; 43,000 returnees; 319,779 refugees; 1,600,000 food-insecure people; 150,000 flood-affected people; total beneficiaries: 2,283,310
Funding requested/beneficiary: $222; Total funding requested: $506,429,849
The 2010 appeal, funded at 69%, has allowed humanitarian actors to assist different vulnerable groups countrywide including refugees, internally displaced people (IDPs), returnees and host communities affected by floods, epidemics and the food insecurity and malnutrition crisis. In 2010, humanitarian actors worked in a context characterized by increased humanitarian needs due to the compounded effects of flooding, the ensuing spread of water-borne diseases such as cholera, and the malnutrition crisis which is affecting the broader geographical area of the Sahel belt. As a result, the number of vulnerable people in Chad has increased from 500,000 in 2009 to more than 2.5 million people in 2010. Some 500,000 refugees, IDPs and returnees continue to need protection and assistance.
While a decrease in attacks on humanitarian workers has been registered in 2010, the security situation, especially in eastern Chad, remains of concern. In 2011, the Government of Chad plans to reinforce the presence of the Détachement Intégré de Securité (DIS) in the east, and also in the south-east where refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) depend on assistance and protection. Access to beneficiaries in eastern Chad will depend on the capacity of DIS and other national security forces, because the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) will have withdrawn completely by December 2010. Going forward, the continued support of the international community to the DIS is paramount in providing safety and security services to humanitarian workers.
For 2011, the strategic objectives will focus on the continuation of life-saving assistance, the protection of vulnerable groups, the preservation and the extension of humanitarian space, and the reinforcement of preparedness capacities including those of national actors. Transition from emergency assistance towards early recovery will also be reflected in the forthcoming CAP.
The integration of durable solutions in assisting vulnerable people, particularly IDPs, is an essential component of the humanitarian strategy in 2011. Durable solutions aim at promoting self-reliance and minimizing dependence on aid. This approach is also part of programmes targeting people affected by food insecurity and malnutrition in the Sahel belt.
In the east, approximately 43,000 IDPs have returned to their villages of origin over the last two years, and the government estimates that another 30,000 are ready to return home. However, many displaced argue that the main constraints to their returns are limited access to basic social services and water, the limited presence of local authorities, and the fragile security conditions. Through continuous dialogue between the relevant central and local government authorities and humanitarian actors since June 2010, common strategies have been developed to ensure the protection of civilians, consolidate and expand humanitarian space, establish durable solutions for the return of IDPs, and early recovery initiatives. However, despite rigorous planning exercises, additional support from the international community to the Humanitarian Country Team is essential to enable it to carry out the envisaged programmes, particularly keeping in mind the reduction in assets and personnel linked to the withdrawal of MINURCAT.
Due to prevailing sub-regional dynamics, the voluntary return of refugees to Sudan and CAR in 2011 remains unlikely, as the stability in Sudan’s Darfur region and north-eastern CAR remains fragile. Any deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Sudan and CAR – which may be triggered by upcoming referenda and elections – may result in new influx of refugees in eastern and southern Chad.
In 2011, humanitarian actors will continue to focus on humanitarian relief, while emphasizing measures to increase the self-sufficiency and capacities of people affected by the crisis and identified to receive assistance including early recovery approaches in the humanitarian phase to facilitate the transition to early recovery and developmental initiatives. To implement the projects submitted in this Consolidated Appeal for Chad for 2011, 10 United Nations agencies and 12 NGOs, in consultation with the Chadian Government, and local actors, are appealing for US$506,429,849.