Consolidated Appeal for Great Lakes 2007
In 2006, the Great Lakes Region has seen a continuation of the trend towards peace and governance: with progress in the transition in the Democratic Republic of Congo; the establishment of a peace initiative between the Government of Uganda and the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army; and continued development towards improved governance in Burundi. Together, these processes represent a critical opportunity for the millions of people in the region who remain vulnerable as the result of decades of conflict and other crisis situations. However, the transition from cyclical violence, insecurity and human suffering into sustainable social and economic development cannot happen overnight or in isolation. The ability of humanitarian actors to provide assistance within the framework of transition and recovery is critical for both the alleviation of suffering and the consolidation of peace.
Whilst humanitarian needs can largely be attributed to a mixture of conflict, insecurity, and natural disasters, most also have their roots in the endemic poverty of the region. Poverty, a lack of basic social services, a lack of education, and weaknesses in governance have all contributed to an underlying vulnerability to recurrent disasters, epidemics, violence, and insecurity. A mortality survey conducted by the International Rescue Committee in 2004 and updated in 2006 estimated that approximately 38,000 deaths occur each month in the DRC over and above normal levels. This figure equates to 1,250 excess deaths every day. 70% of these deaths are, according to the study, attributable to easily preventable and treatable diseases. By mid-2006, over 4 million people were estimated to remain displaced in the region. In addition, 2006 saw the return of approximately 700,000 people, who will now face the challenges of reintegration, finding employment or other livelihood opportunities, accessing basic services, and recovering property.
In relation to humanitarian operations, United Nations agencies, international organisations and non-governmental organisations have been working throughout the course of the year to implement the humanitarian reform agenda, including the cluster approach. Whilst the process is still being developed or has not yet begun in a number of countries, the cluster approach is being applied in the DRC and Uganda. A meeting of regional partners and representatives of Country Teams in September 2006 helped to provide a lessons-learned and information-sharing opportunity in support of the implementation of the four pillars of reform. At regional level, a review of regional coordination structures was undertaken in May 2006 to examine the role of the groups in relation to the cluster approach, the outcome of which continues to be followed. The formation of partnerships and inter-organisational cooperation has continued to be strengthened throughout the year and is reflected in the response plans developed under the 2007 Common Humanitarian Action Plan as well as by the increased number of joint projects presented under the appeal.
Regional consultations under the International Conference for Peace, Security, Democracy and Development for the Great Lakes have continued throughout 2006. Following the signature of the
Dar es Salaam declaration, three protocols—on the Protection of Internally Displaced Persons, the Prevention and Suppression of Sexual Violence against Women and Children, and the Property Rights of Returning Persons—have been developed along with two sub-programmes and seven projects. These components will be incorporated into the Pact on Stability, Security, and Development in the GLR for ratification by participating states in the region.
Over the course of the year, regional-level humanitarian partners have continued to monitor the situation in the region and to respond to ongoing and newly occurring emergency situations under the jointly developed 2006 Common Humanitarian Action Plan. In mid-September, stakeholders met along with representatives of donor organisations to undertake a final review of the 2006 process and to agree on needs and priority actions required in 2007. As a result of these consultations, stakeholders identified eight priority sectors and themes for action at the regional level: 1) Food Security; 2) Health and Nutrition; 3) HIV/AIDS; 4) Gender-Based Violence; 5) Education; 6) Coordination and Support Services; 7) Emergency Preparedness and Response; and 8) Early Recovery and Transition. In the weeks that followed, dedicated working groups developed response plans in each of these areas and developed a total of 30 supporting projects.
The Consolidated Appeal for the Great Lakes Region for 2007 requests a total amount of US$84,150,645.
The Great Lakes region for the purposes of the CAP includes: Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Rwanda, the United Republic of Tanzania and Uganda.