Consolidated Appeal for Guinea 2006
As a result of civil wars in the Mano River Union (MRU) countries, Guinea hosted nearly one million refugees from Sierra Leone and Liberia for over ten years. It continues to also cope with Guinean Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), following rebel attacks from 2000-2001, as well as with additional refugees and returnees from the 2002 conflict in Côte d’Ivoire.The failed coup against President Lansana Conte in January 2005 has contributed to increasing the sense of insecurity of Guineans, despite a number of measures undertaken by the Government to secure the borders. The linking of international assistance to Guinea’s compliance with good governance and output-oriented macro-economic reforms has resulted in increasing poverty, high inflation, and the breakdown of social services and infrastructure, including telecommunications and transportation.
The humanitarian situation is marked by rising mortality, morbidity and malnutrition rates. The outbreak of almost eradicated diseases such as polio and yellow fever, a 50% increase in fuel prices, and the continued inability of the Government to provide basic social services, have further contributed to a deterioration of living conditions of an already vulnerable population. Today, Guinea’s social indicators have become similar to those of countries emerging from a prolonged war.
Despite these ongoing humanitarian challenges, the Government made considerable progress throughout 2005 in meeting some of the international community’s concerns. They included the resumption of dialogue with the opposition parties, the revision of the law on decentralisation, the liberalisation of both the media and the exchange rate regime, and lastly, preparations for municipal elections. There is some hope that international cooperation will soon resume, especially after a positive evaluation by International Monetary Fund (IMF) in September 2005.
Guinea still faces some key challenges, including the following:
(a) upholding free and fair municipal elections by the end of 2005, which would include the participation of opposition parties;
(b) coping with potentially destabilising effects if the current political impasse in Côte d’Ivoire leads to a resumption of armed conflict in that country, which would prevent the repatriation of Liberian refugees, bring in a new influx of refugees and returnees, and pose a threat to civilian populations living along the border;
(c) proceeding with the macro-economic and political reforms initiated during 2004-2005 and finding adequate and durable solutions to the critical socio-economic situation in order to prevent an increase in humanitarian needs;
(d) decreasing the relatively high malnutrition, morbidity and mortality rates, improving food security, halting the spread of Human Immune-Deficiency Virus (HIV)/ Acquired Immune-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and the prevalence of other communicable diseases such as cholera, poliomyelitis, yellow fever and malaria; and,
(e) maintaining the international community’s attention to urgent rehabilitation and development needs so as to reduce vulnerability and poverty, and to prevent an increase in tension. To assist with these challenges, the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) 2006 will strive to achieve the following strategic goals:
- Reinforce coordination, protection and advocacy on behalf of the most vulnerable;
- Enhance early warning and emergency preparedness measures;
- Reduce vulnerability through more sustainable initiatives and prepare a transition strategy from relief to early recovery.
In pursuance of these goals, 29projects have been submitted by five non-Governmental organisations (NGO), five United Nations (UN) agencies, the UN Department of Safety and Security (DSS) and the UN Office for the Coordination for Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), requesting a total of US$ 32,874,581  to address the humanitarian needs of nearly 630,000 people affected by malnutrition, sexual and gender based violence, and HIV/AIDSin Guinea Forestière, Haute Guinea and other areas. The majority of the projects aim at addressing food security and health, providing international protection to refugees, and responding to the most critical needs of host communities and other vulnerable groups in the same areas. The Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) for 2006 contained in this CAP will complement a number of longer-term rehabilitation and early recovery initiatives planned for 2006 by donors, NGOs, the Red Cross Movement, and individual UN agencies within the framework of theCommon Country Assessment/UN Development Assistance Framework (CCA/UNDAF) for 2006-2011.
As World Food Programme (WFP) activities for Guinea are incorporated into WFP’s regional operations for West Africa; the projects and budgets are included in the West Africa Regional CAP.