Consolidated Appeal for Haiti 2011
Duration: January to December 2011
Key targets in 2011
Return & reintegration of 40% of IDPs
Continued assistance to remaining IDP population in camps
Containment of/response to the cholera outbreak
Target beneficiaries: 2.1 million affected by earthquake; population in areas affected by cholera
Funding request per beneficiary: $432
Total funding request: $906,961,206
The overall situation in Haiti continues to be one of large-scale displacement. The January 12 earthquake displaced around 2.1 million people, of whom 1.3 million still reside in settlements in the affected areas and 600,000 live with host families. Many people who already lived in situations of poverty and vulnerability before the earthquake have since fallen into severe humanitarian need.
In the 10 months since the earthquake, the humanitarian response has largely stabilized into a continuous provision of basic needs. Most of the activities were focused on the camps, while many people living outside the camps and communities in rural areas were left out, something that is both a source of social tension and a factor inhibiting the return of displaced people.
The situation as it exists is extremely fragile, and the current stability could be upset by a variety of causes, including more natural disasters such as mudslides, flooding, cyclones, or disease outbreaks. The country is in the middle of a severe cholera outbreak. The cumulative number of cholera cases between 20 October and 16 November was 49,418, out of which 40% (19,646) have been hospitalized. The cumulative number of deaths due to cholera was 1,186 (774 at the hospital level and 412 at the community level), which puts the in‐hospital case fatality rate at 3.9% and the mortality rate at 14.16 per 100,000 inhabitants. The majority of cases have been reported outside the capital (in rural areas not affected by the earthquake, thus demonstrating how prolonged socio-economic vulnerabilities can cause unforeseen humanitarian needs and require additional humanitarian preparedness and response). Such events risk creating even more displacement and instability, and highlight the need for more external support.
The Consolidated Appeal aims to ensure continued humanitarian aid for more than two million earthquake-affected people, to support the return of thousands of displaced people, and to contribute to the transition from emergency to longer-term recovery programmes. Supporting disaster risk reduction, contingency planning, authorities and communities are also key elements of the 2011 Consolidated Appeal. These efforts will require a total of US$ 906,961,206 in funding.
The 1.3 million people living in camps still require basic services to survive: shelter, food and water, sanitation and health care, education and protection are all ongoing needs. Equally important for long-term stability is encouraging the return of the displaced, something that requires quickly restoring damaged social infrastructure, or in some cases creating it anew. Making health and education services available, providing temporary employment, and ensuring that the displaced, in particular, can maintain a safe food supply are priorities. The Government of Haiti was also seriously affected by the earthquake: state buildings were destroyed, records were lost, and thousands of civil servants were killed. Particularly given this situation, the government needs support in facing the challenge of defining and implementing durable solutions. Finally, preparedness measures must be put in place to prevent natural disasters and further disease outbreaks, or to reduce their effects should they occur.
As large-scale reconstruction and rehabilitation efforts have begun and will continue throughout 2011, the humanitarian community will focus on strictly emergency humanitarian activities during the coming year. The long-term response to this crisis is being coordinated under the “Integrated Strategic Framework” developed by the United Nations, and the reconstruction plan presented by the Haitian Government. The 2011 Consolidated Appeal, therefore, is designed to address immediate humanitarian needs, both to alleviate suffering and to create an environment more conducive for reconstruction efforts to proceed.
Summary of Strategic Objectives for 2011 (12-month period)
1. Creating Durable Conditions for Return
To contribute to the creation of favourable conditions in the return areas, particularly in terms of community development, and to search for sustainable solutions to allow the reintegration of displaced people there.
Enhance food security in rural areas
Restoration of livelihoods – create temporary employment
Skill training, provision of startup tool kit and capital
Support to small entrepreneurs directly affected by the earthquake
Socio-economic reintegration activities – initially debris removal and recycling
Support basic community services
2. Maintaining Humanitarian Aid
To continue meeting humanitarian needs in the affected areas and in the camps for vulnerable groups.
Protection – gender-based violence (GBV), child protection activities
Nutrition – treatment of moderate and severe acute malnutrition
Food assistance for vulnerable people
Non-food items (NFIs) for displaced population
Cash/food-for-work (FFW) activities
Support to non-camp communities
Enhance access to basic services for affected population, with a focus on vulnerable groups
3. Enhancing Disaster Preparedness and Contingency Planning
To put in place disaster risk reduction methods and contingency plans to reduce the impact of disasters.
Support authorities in developing a multi-risk contingency plan
Improve epidemiological surveillance (e.g. cholera outbreaks)
Maintain pre-positioning of food and non-food items (NFIs)
Support risk reduction through implementation of erosion and drainage activities
4. Capacity-Building for Government and Local Communities
To strengthen the capacity of public institutions and community structures to ensure access to basic social services, in particular in the directly and indirectly affected areas.
Training, data management
Camp management, protection of civilians
HIV prevention, care, support and treatment