Consolidated Appeal for the Republic of Congo 2010
Duration: January to December 2010
Planting season: March-April
Rainy season: March-June
Target beneficiaries: 110,000 refugees (of whom 82% women and children); 58,000 local population
Total funding requested: $58,985,837
Funding requested per beneficiary: $351
Since October 2009 a total of 114,017 refugees have fled armed clashes in Equateur Province in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and found refuge in the Republic of Congo (RoC). These clashes originated in inter-communal disputes over farming and fishing rights but later widened to other parts of the province. The intervention of the DRC police and armed forces led to an escalation of the violence. As a result, an estimated 60,000 people fled to other parts of Equateur, 17,000 sought refuge in the Central African Republic (CAR), and 114,017 crossed the Oubangui River to the Likouala region of the RoC. The size of the refugee population stabilized in January, with only a few refugees crossing the river in the past weeks. While the situation is gradually becoming normalized in Equateur, the refugees are not ready to return due to concerns over persisting insecurity
The refugees have settled in more than 100 sites along a 500 km stretch of the Oubangui River between Liranga District and the border with the CAR. In most areas, they vastly outnumber the local population. Their needs range across the whole spectrum of basic services such as protection, food, health, non-food items, clean water and sanitation, livelihood support and education. These needs persist due to the fact that the social service structures in the zones where refugees settled have either been overwhelmed by the inflow of refugees, or simply never existed to begin with.
This Consolidated Appeal (CAP) has four strategic objectives: first, to ensure that the rights of refugees as set out in international conventions are respected; second, to stabilize the nutritional situation, by improving food consumption and supporting agriculture and fishery; third, to stabilize the health situation, by providing predictable primary health care, increasing access to safe drinking water, reducing the risk of transmission of water-borne diseases, and providing essential shelter and NFIs; fourth and finally, to ensure that refugee children have access to primary education and pre-school activities, by supporting the establishment and functioning of primary schools and pre-schools. The priority sectors of intervention are protection, food, shelter and NFIs, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), health, education and livelihoods.
A robust response is needed to prevent a full-blown crisis. In effect, in most locations the refugees’ population is doubling the number of the local population. This is bound to exhaust local resources, which would cause the situation to deteriorate quickly. The relief operation is logistically complex and expensive because the region can be reached only by plane or by boat. However, few boats are available, and most of them are in urgent need of repair. Fuel is expensive and difficult to procure.
This Consolidated Appeal is thus requesting a gross total of US$58,985,837 to cover the urgent needs of 110,000 refugees over a planning and budgeting horizon till the end of 2010. When taking into account funding received to date, including for operations related to this emergency in 2009, the unmet requirements come to $44,694,001. As the refugees are living side by side and are often intermingled with the local population, around 58,000 people in the host population will also benefit directly and indirectly from some of the assistance provided in the refugee sites, such as free primary health care, communal wells and hygiene education campaigns.