Consolidated Appeal for Somalia 2006
After fourteen years of state collapse and widespread civil war, Somalia’s population of seven million faced renewed hope when the transitional parliament was formed in June 2004 and an interim President, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, was subsequently elected in October 2004. The Transitional Federal Government (TFG) returned to Somalia in June 2005, but critical issues that would reflect political progress, linked to security, the interim seat of government and national reconciliation remained unresolved. Although the expectation was that the TFG was ‘a new dawn’ for the war-ravaged country, the outcome has been complex, with accompanying peace and stability still some way off. Even though the challenges are considerable, there remains no doubt that Somalia is at a crossroads as the TFG strives to gradually expand its authority throughout the country.
The environment for aid operations and beneficiaries remained varied in 2005, with some areas including Somaliland and Puntland experiencing political development, economic recovery and relative stability, while other areas, mostly in the central and south regions remaining dangerous and unstable. As the TFG works towards building peace and improving security, it is envisaged that the wave of 'optimism' amongst the majority of the Somali population, many of whom are tired of conflict, may lead to increased humanitarian access in the central and south zones of Somalia, where limited assistance was reaching vulnerable populations in 2005.
Chronic food insecurity and unacceptably high malnutrition levels persist in many areas, especially in the south. Such high malnutrition rates would trigger massive external emergency actions anywhere else in the world. Currently, 25% of children under five suffer from acute malnutrition, a rate that exceeds the emergency threshold of 15%. In parts of Gedo and Juba regions malnutrition rates are above 20%. The south-central region remains a complex environment, with lack of sustained humanitarian access a major factor affecting human survival.
The 2006 Somalia Consolidated Appeal Process (CAO) seeks to target one million chronically vulnerable people, including 370,000-400,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) suffering severe livelihood distress; 200,000 people in a Humanitarian Emergency and 345,000 in a Livelihood Crisis. Returnees are amongst those experiencing severe livelihood distress.
In 2006, United Nations (UN) agencies and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) intend to work closely with local authorities and communities, as outlined in the Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP), toward the following three strategic goals:
- Increase access to basic humanitarian services for vulnerable populations, in particular the one million people in a state of Humanitarian Emergency and Livelihood Crisis, IDPs and those living in areas of return and resettlement;
- Enhance the protection of and respect for the human rights and dignity of affected populations;
- Strengthen local capacity for social service delivery and response to natural or conflict-related disaster.
The strategic goals have shifted this year, placing more emphasis on humanitarian priorities, while maintaining links to the Joint Needs Assessment (JNA), which should lead to a donor conference in 2006, and the UN Transition Plan. The JNA will result in a Reconstruction and Development Programme, which will feed into the strategy to reach Millennium Development Goals. At the same time and in the absence of a multi donor trust fund, the UN has set up the Interim Support Fund For Somalia (ISFS), to address the country’s transitional needs.
The 2006 Consolidated Appeal for Somalia seeks US$ 174,116,815 for 77 projects in the five sectors of Access and Security; Food Security and Livelihoods; Health, Nutrition, Water and Sanitation; Education; Protection and the three cross cutting sectors of Human Immuno-deficiency Virus/Acquired Immuno-deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS); Return and Integration; and Capacity Building. Generous contributions from the international donor community will assist the UN and partner NGOs to ensure coherence of response and an integrated approach in meeting the needs and building the capacity of Somalia’s most vulnerable communities.
Annex One FAO/FSAU Integrated Food Security Phase Classification Table explains the characteristics of Humanitarian Emergency and Livelihood Crisis. Annex Two describes the estimated number of people by region in these two situations (FAO/FSAU).