Consolidated Appeal for Somalia 2010
Deyr (Oct-Dec) and Gu (April-June) rains; political developments; the security situation, especially in Mogadishu; elections in Somaliland
Target beneficiaries: 3,640,000 total (urban/rural), including 910,000 in Humanitarian Emergency; 1,180,000 in Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis and 1,550,000 internally displaced
Funding request per beneficiary: $189
Total funding request: $689,008,615
The year 2010 will not only mark 18 years of conflict for Somalia, but will also herald the first generation of Somali children who come of age without ever having lived through a single year of peace. Protracted conflict, economic collapse, and drought conditions continued to drive the humanitarian crisis in Somalia in 2009, resulting in increased population displacement, greater urban vulnerability and widespread acute malnutrition. This was set against a backdrop of irregular and shrinking humanitarian access that resulted from continuing violence in the areas of Somalia with the most pressing humanitarian needs. According to the latest seasonal assessment, the number of people in need of emergency humanitarian and livelihood support increased by 13% from January to September 2009. During the same period, internal displacement also increased by 16%. Remittances from the diaspora, normally over $1 billion per year, are down by 25% due to the global recession. Drought conditions have continued to deepen in many parts of South and Central Somalia and have expanded to areas in Puntland and Somaliland.
Lessons learned in 2009 have already been incorporated into an evolving and flexible response strategy for the coming year. While emergency programmes will continue to be the centre of response activities, strategies to support Somalis’ coping mechanisms and to prevent them from further depleting their assets will have greater prominence. Priorities for 2010 will therefore include increased capacity-building for Somali partners and, where possible, a livelihoods approach to emergency programming.
Operational realities, such as insecurity, irregular access to populations in need, implementation of projects through local partners, high operating costs and frequent changes in leadership at the local level, particularly in South Central areas, will require constant analysis and adjustment to strategies. In 2010, the humanitarian community will need to improve risk analysis and carefully weigh risks against the imperative of responding to acute needs. Coordination and leadership through the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC ) and clusters will continue to be essential to ensure the delivery of emergency assistance and basic services. Building on the successes of the last year, monitoring and evaluation will continue to be strengthened at all levels through a three-tiered approach designed to improve the accountability and transparency of humanitarian operations.
The IASC endorsed four strategic priorities to guide humanitarian action in 2010, a refinement of those agreed in 2009. They reinforce the importance of incorporating a strengthened livelihood approach to aid delivery in Somalia using the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit’s (FAO/FSNAU) needs analysis to identify and target populations in need. The Somalia strategic priorities for 2010:
1. Provide life-saving humanitarian services to 910,000 people living in Humanitarian Emergency (HE) and the most vulnerable of the 1.55 million internally displaced people (IDPs).
2. Protect and increase the social, economic, and environmental assets of 3.64 million people in crisis by means of livelihood-based humanitarian programming, with a focus on women, youth and those in Acute Food and Livelihood Crisis (AFLC ), to prevent further deterioration into HE.
3. Provide vulnerable populations with a minimum package of basic services, with specific sensitivity to women’s needs, through engagement of communities and, where possible, building of local capacities.
4. Strengthen the protective environment for vulnerable populations, with a particular focus on women and youth, through advocacy, community mobilization, and access to services.
The 2010 Consolidated Appeal for Somalia seeks US$ 689,008,615 to address the most urgent humanitarian needs in Somalia. The appeal comprises 174 projects coordinated by the nine clusters and Enabling Programmes , representing a reduction in the number of projects and a 19% reduction in requirements compared to 2009. A significant element of this reduction comes from a reassessment of the Food Aid Cluster requirements, with a revised estimate of target populations and the scale of rations required. This reduction is also the result of improved cluster coordination structures and processes, and rigorous project vetting. The projects in the 2010 CAP reflect the most urgent needs in Somalia and consider the feasibility of implementation.