Consolidated Appeal for Somalia 2011
Duration: January to December 2011
Key milestones in 2010
Deyr (October – December) and Gu (April – June) rains
Target beneficiaries: 2 million
Funding request per beneficiary: $265
Total funding request: $529,520,029
The year 2011 marks the twenty-year point of the Somalia crisis. During this period, Somalia has lacked a central government, has been embroiled in civil war and a large part of the population has suffered from a humanitarian crisis. However, during the same period humanitarian partners were present with coordinated humanitarian assistance and advocacy helping to save countless lives. In 2010, the humanitarian community provided life-saving emergency assistance including emergency food assistance and clean water to nearly two million people, non-food items (NFI) for 200,000 newly displaced, and nutrition treatment programmes for the malnourished through nearly 1,000 treatment centres. The humanitarian community also supported community resilience with programmes such as livestock vaccinations for 2.3 million animals, food and cash-for-work (CFW) for 118,000 people, and emergency education for more than 110,000 children.
There was a fragile improvement in 2010. Two good rainy seasons reduced the population in crisis by 25% to two million people. However, this improvement only underscores how rain-dependent Somalia is, and the La Niña forecast for early 2011 will likely cause below-average rainfall. The two million people in crisis are urban poor, pastoralists yet to recover from six seasons of drought, riverine populations affected by floods, and internally displaced people (IDPs). The displaced population remained relatively constant at 1.46 million people. This is one of the largest IDP populations in the world and conflict throughout the year saw large numbers of people, in addition to the 1.46 million, displaced for short periods. IDPs in Somalia live in some of the worst conditions in the country. Despite the fragile food security improvement, the population dependent on humanitarian assistance in Somalia remains large.
Humanitarian organizations face severe constraints including regular interference in their operations by armed groups. In 2010, this interference escalated in south central Somalia to the outright banning of eight humanitarian organizations. Those agencies still present deliver services under very difficult circumstances and ‘remote implementation’ through national staff and local implementing partners is increasingly the norm. Implementing agencies undertake a range of measures to maintain the quality and integrity of programmes under difficult circumstances. The 2011 CAP includes a strategic priority on improved response strategies and this document explains current efforts and new initiatives to maintain the quality and accountability of the humanitarian response in Somalia.
The Somalia Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) endorsed four programmatic strategic priorities in addition to the priority on response strategies. These priorities include providing lifesaving assistance, a basic package of social services, livelihoods support and the provision of a supportive and protective environment. The coming year is an opportunity to consolidate the livelihood gains made in 2010 in order to protect vulnerable populations from future shocks, including the predicted poor rains. For this reason, the focus on livelihoods from 2010 continues in 2011 and the requested funding for the Agriculture and Livelihoods Cluster has increased from US$ 34 million to $51 million in 2011. Overall the 2011 Consolidated Appeal for Somalia seeks $530 million to address the most urgent Humanitarian needs in Somalia. The appeal includes 229 projects by 104 organizations coordinated by nine clusters plus Enabling Programmes. This is a 10% increase in the number of projects and a 11% reduction in financial requirements compared to 2010. The overall decrease in requirements is largely due to a decrease in the Food Assistance Cluster requirements, improved cluster coordination structures and processes, and rigorous project vetting. The projects in the 2011 CAP reflect the most urgent humanitarian needs in Somalia and consider the challenging operating environment.