Consolidated Appeal for South Sudan 2013
Pledging commitment to the people of South Sudan
July 2013 will mark two years since the Independence of the Republic of South Sudan and the country’s admission to the United Nations as the world’s newest state. While this period has been marked by notable achievements, the humanitarian situation remains fragile. Many challenges confront almost 4.6 million of the estimated 12 million people living in South Sudan.
The shutdown of oil production in January 2012 resulted in austerity measures adding to hardship for many people. However, landmark agreements between South Sudan and Sudan signed in September marked a positive turn. It is anticipated that the resumption of oil production will result in an improved economic environment for 2013, and the reopening of cross-border trade will improve the livelihoods of the people of South Sudan. It is hoped that oil revenues can result in more provision of basic services of health, education and social welfare, building resilience and reducing reliance on humanitarian assistance.
Aid agencies are providing lifesaving assistance to refugees leaving Sudan, and arriving in Unity and Upper Nile states. As of 31 October 2012 more than 175,000 people had fled to South Sudan, and the Humanitarian Country Team envisages up to 150,000 new arrivals in the year ahead.
Up to 4.6 million people will remain in need of food or livelihoods support in 2013. Contributing factors include the insufficient harvest in 2012, high commodity and fuel prices, continued refugee arrivals, violence-related displacement inside the country, and seasonal flooding.
Inter-communal violence in Jonglei in December 2011 drove the humanitarian community to respond to the urgent needs of 170,000 people. While displacement was lower in 2012 than in 2011, a very welcome trend, partners remain concerned at possible outbreaks of violence in Jonglei and other areas of the country.
South Sudanese continue to return from Sudan, and aid agencies are on hand to help an expected 125,000 people in transit or reaching their homeland. New partnerships will need to be formed to ensure the successful reintegration of South Sudanese in the areas to which they choose to return.
The Consolidated Appeal for 2013 reflects the humanitarian community’s collective commitment to reducing suffering, providing protection, and boosting the resilience of the most vulnerable people in South Sudan. 114 non-governmental organizations and UN agencies working in close coordination with the Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs and Disaster Management, as well as with the Relief and Rehabilitation Commission, have come together and require US$1.16 billion to attend to the most urgent needs.
The underlying causes of suffering necessitate collective and sustained humanitarian preparedness and response throughout 2013. The Government and partners are working closely to maintain an enabling environment for humanitarian action: this is vital not only because it saves lives and protects people; humanitarian action must also empower people and their communities, boost disaster risk reduction and contribute to future development.
As humanitarians we pledge to remain engaged with South Sudan in its early years of statehood. We look forward to continuing this historic journey with the people and Government of South Sudan.