Consolidated Appeal for Timor-Leste 2007
The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste achieved independence from Portugal in 1975, and from Indonesia in May 2002. In September of 2002 it officially became a United Nations member state after more than 400 years of occupation. In April and May 2006, renewed violence erupted in Dili with violent clashes and displacement of up to 150,000 people (equivalent to two-thirds of the capital city’s population). In response to the crisis the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) supported immediate emergency assistance and a Flash Appeal was launched in June, and later extended until 31 December 2006.
Although the political and security situation is becoming relatively stable, the majority of the displaced populations have been unable to return to their homes. In addition, the complex historical, political, socio-economic and institutional causes of the crisis remain largely unresolved and are likely to persist beyond the general elections, scheduled for April/May 2007. Taking into account the current humanitarian situation and likely developments during the next six months, it was determined that a CAP for Timor-Leste was needed to cover the period from January to June 2007.
The current humanitarian situation in Timor-Leste is characterised by:
- An estimated 100,000 displaced people (10% of the population) living in camps and with host families in the districts;
- Increasing levels of food insecurity and limited access to basic social services in the districts;
- High rates of malnutrition, mortality and morbidity in the districts;
- A total or partial destruction of over 3,000 homes in Dili affecting at least 14,000 IDPs.
Improvements in the IDP situation in 2007 will depend on progress made to increase the sense of security and safety of the population as well as the level of confidence in the judicial system, but also on the ability to stabilise the socio-economic situation and resolve the political crisis through dialogue, national reconciliation and the holding of democratic elections. The Government has made significant efforts in addressing key issues and preparing a number of national policies. Concerted efforts at reconciliation between fractured communities are also in progress and will eventually bear fruit. The presence of the new United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT) is expected to make a difference in supporting the Government towards addressing the key roots of the conflict.
The CAP for Timor-Leste intends to address the following key strategic priorities between January and June 2007:
- Support the return, resettlement and reintegration of displaced populations;
- Reduce vulnerability among Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and other vulnerable groups particularly in the districts;
- Ensure emergency preparedness and response to new crises and natural disasters;
- Support national reconciliation initiatives to ensure the sustainable reintegration of IDPs.
This Appeal proposes 31 projects in nine key sectors, submitted by ten United Nations Agencies, the International Organisation for Migration, five NGOs, and the Red Cross, and requests a total amount of US$16.6 million to address remaining humanitarian needs of displaced and other vulnerable populations including host communities, children, women and disenfranchised youths, particularly in the districts. While complementing ongoing programmes by the Government, non-governmental organisations, the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and other bilateral and multilateral partners, the appeal will also lay the foundations for the transition to urgently-needed early recovery and rehabilitation initiatives. Itshall be reviewed in April 2007, to ascertain the need for a possible extension.
The international donor community has been extremely generous in supporting the Flash Appeal for humanitarian assistance to Timor-Leste in 2006, through the CERF and direct funding. It is hoped that donors will consider funding the CAP 2007 with the same generosity, to ensure that the most vulnerable people of Timor-Leste are given the best possible opportunity to emerge from the difficult days of their young history.
All dollar figures in this document are United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, firstname.lastname@example.org), which will display its requirements and funding on the CAP 2007 page.