Consolidated Appeal for Uganda 2010
Duration: January to December 2010
Ongoing resettlement and repatriation
Target beneficiaries: 2 million
Funding request per beneficiary: $98.6
Total funding request: $197,284,395
The transition from humanitarian to recovery programming continues in northern Uganda. However, this transition takes place amid-growing concern. The humanitarian gains made following the 2006 Cessation of Hostilities agreement between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) are in danger of unravelling. This is due to diminishing humanitarian programming that is unmatched by a significant increase in recovery programmes. Movements from camps to home or transit sites have steadily increased since the Cessation of Hostilities. These movements total 1.4 million people, or about 80% of the original camp population in the region at the end of 2009. The large-scale returns indicate IDPs’ growing confidence in sustainability of the current peace in northern Uganda, with the LRA moving its theatre of operation outside the border. However, for the 1.8 million affected, the situation on the ground can be characterized neither as an end of displacement nor the achievement of lasting Durable Solutions. Vulnerability persists, which requires ongoing humanitarian assistance alongside effective recovery and developmental programming.
Almost 400,000 people reside in camps in northern and eastern Uganda. The most pressing need for the extremely vulnerable, namely the elderly, women- or child-headed households, the disabled, children and the chronically ill, is support toward their attainment of Durable Solutions. It is imperative to address their heightened vulnerability to failed crops and hunger, land disputes, forcible evictions and insufficient social services. Their ultimate reintegration can only be effective through “the concerted efforts of returnee communities, local authorities and humanitarian actors.”
Returning populations face significant challenges in transit locations and villages of origin, including the absence or inadequacy of basic services such as water, sanitation, health and education. For example, latrine coverage is as low as 29% in return areas of Amuru District. Unsurprisingly, communicable diseases such as hepatitis E remain uncontrolled and continue to spread, while fresh disease outbreaks, such as polio, have emerged. Growing conflicts over land and local governance weakness in dispute resolution and protection mechanisms further compound the situation for refugees. Left unaddressed, these challenges could reverse the transition from the humanitarian phase to the recovery phase in northern and eastern Uganda. A pointer to this risk was the 2009 food crisis, in which only half of the expected harvest was realized. This left more than one million people across the Acholi, Teso and Karamoja regions in critical need of relief food. The crisis was partially the result of the premature termination of general food assistance, coupled with weak agricultural production capacity due to input deficits, and poor capacity in weather monitoring and forecasting.
A moderate El Niño is forecast between October 2009 and January 2010. This, combined with Uganda’s high vulnerability to disasters such as floods and epidemic disease outbreaks, makes emergency preparedness and response central to humanitarian concerns in 2010.
This is particularly relevant to Karamoja, where the impact of climate change, coupled with insecurity and historical marginalization, has had devastating effects. Karamoja sub-region is in a perennial development crisis, to the point that it exhibits the worst humanitarian indicators in the country. A fourth successive year of drought has heightened food, nutritional and livelihood insecurity, further aggravating the vulnerability of the human population and livestock in this largely pastoralist region. Karamoja remains saddled with the humanitarian consequences of chronic under-development. It exists against a backdrop of limited livelihood options; negligible basic service infrastructure; weak local governance and rule of law structures; and continuing disarmament operations by the Uganda People’s Defence Forces (UPDF).
The Uganda Consolidated Appeal (CAP) 2010 maintains the strategic goals of its predecessor, focusing on the distinct humanitarian needs remaining in the Acholi, Teso and Karamoja regions, even as the primacy of recovery programming is acknowledged.
The strategic objectives are:
- To supplement Government efforts to save lives and alleviate suffering: as the basis for creating the conditions to achieve Durable Solutions in Acholi and Teso; in respect and promotion of human rights and in planning appropriate development strategies in Karamoja.
- To enhance food and nutritional security to save lives, alleviate suffering and kick-start livelihoods.
- To contribute to strengthening district capacity for emergency preparedness and response.
For 2010, the humanitarian community in Uganda is requesting US$ 197 million to address the humanitarian needs of some two million vulnerable people across northern and eastern Uganda including up to 400,000 residual IDPs and 1.4 million vulnerable people in return areas in the Acholi, Teso and West Nile regions; and 145,000 refugees in the West Nile and south-western regions of the country.