Consolidated Appeal for West Africa 2006

30 November 2005

“In recent years, humanitarian organisations have become increasingly effective in saving lives, alleviating human suffering, and advocating for the rights of people in need. Nonetheless, there still are considerable gaps in the ability of the humanitarian system to respond adequately to all humanitarian crises. Hence, we must, and we can, do better to be more predictable in our response to vulnerable populations around the globe.”

Jan Egeland, UN Emergency Relief Coordinator and Under-Secretary-General,
 

Introduction to the Humanitarian Response Review, August 2005[1] 

 


[1] Humanitarian Response Review. An Independent report commissioned by the United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator & Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) August 2005.  
 



Approximately 1.3 million people are displaced by conflicts in West Africa; an estimated four million children under-five suffer from acute malnutrition, while 13 million suffer from chronic malnutrition. In Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali and Mauritania alone some 3.7 million people were in need of various degrees of food assistance as of September 2005. In a region with a population of almost 250 million, these numbers bear witness to the high levels of human insecurity that are at the root of increasing instability in the sub-region. Countries of relative stability that share border areas with neighbouring countries in crisis continue to be seriously affected by the slow but steady deterioration of the overall human security environment. A lack of solutions to protracted tensions further hamper the coping capacities of civilian populations that formerly used migration to mitigate temporary stress on livelihoods. A strategic priority for stakeholders participating in this sub-regional Appeal for West Africa is to provide support to regional governments to guarantee the protection of, and assistance for, West African populations affected by complex crisis and natural disasters through life saving and protective assistance.

Of the 26 least developed countries in the world, half are West African; it is, therefore, not surprising that humanitarian preparedness and response in this sub-region is intertwined with issues that are more developmental in orientation. When critical malnutrition rates in refugee camps are lower than in communities outside camps; when solutions to prevent children from dying in large numbers are ignored; or, when the registration of returnees to neighbouring countries from Côte d’Ivoire is often sporadic, humanitarian actors are repeatedly required to advocate for a solution to structural problems in order to be able to reduce vulnerability and provide appropriate protection and humanitarian assistance based on needs.

The Humanitarian Response Review[2] of August 2005 identified the low level of preparedness in terms of human resources and sectoral capacities within the humanitarian community as the primary factor in reducing their overall ability to respond in a time of crisis: West Africa is no exception. Humanitarian organisations in West Africa will have to greatly improve assessing and monitoring vulnerability and needs to ensure that response is less media driven and more targeted and just through 2006. It has also become increasingly clear that early warning cannot avert a crisis, unless it is followed by early action.

To reinforce regional preparedness measures and to enhance early action, a strategic priority for humanitarian actors will be to ensure that regional coordination, information and advocacy is better used to reduce vulnerability and provide a solid and consistent response to people in need.

The CAP 2006 has focused on issues relating to the entire sub-region, as well as on those issues related to smaller groups of three-to-six countries sharing similar humanitarian contexts and needs. As such, six regional clusters were established early in the process to facilitate identification of priorities and objectives. Such an approach has proved useful in terms of establishing a cross-border Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP). While some UN Country Teams (UNCTs) have participated more actively than others in the design of this concept, regional offices have been instrumental in consolidating contributions from country offices; reviewing projects; and setting up criteria for prioritisation. Although there are weaknesses in the sub-regional Appeal process when compared with country-specific Appeals - Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) guidelines do not exist for sub-regional Appeals - it appears that the process is useful as a coordination, advocacy and fundraising tool.

To reach the two goals set forth within the framework of the CHAP to support West African Governments in guaranteeing protection and assistance as well as mobilising and providing humanitarian response in a coherent and timely manner, seven priority objectives have also been outlined:

  1. Protection and registration;
  2. Life saving activities;
  3. Return, reintegration and recovery;
  4. Early warning and advocacy;
  5. Coordination;
  6. Information; and
  7. Preparedness and preventive measures.


To reach these objectives, humanitarian activities planned by 11 UN Offices and two NGOs have been consolidated into a total of 58 projects covering activities in one of the following clusters:
 

Cluster I

Cluster II

Cluster III

Cluster IV

Cluster V

Cluster VI

Sub-Region

Sahel

Côte d’Ivoire + 5

Togo + 2

Guinea Bissau + 3

Mano River Union (MRU)

Benin

Burkina Faso Cape Verde

Cote d'Ivoire

The Gambia Ghana

Guinea

Guinea-Bissau Liberia

Niger

Nigeria

Mali

Mauritania Senegal

Sierra Leone

Togo

Burkina Faso

Mali

Mauritania

Niger

Senegal

Burkina Faso

Côte d'Ivoire

Ghana

Guinea

Liberia

Mali

Benin

Ghana

Togo

Guinea Bissau

Guinea

Senegal

The Gambia

Guinea

Liberia

Sierra Leone

 
The breakdown of projects and consolidated US$ amount per Cluster can be reviewed in the following table. 

Cluster

Number of projects

(US$)

I

24

22,971,935

II

5

5,633,358

III

8

32,278,735

IV

15

8,402,891

V

5

17,573,330

VI

1

58,743,488

Grand total

58

145,603,737

The total sub-regional Appeal for humanitarian activities in West Africa of participating agencies is of US$ 145,603,737. The Appeal for 2006 takes into consideration activities addressing the strategic priorities within a regional framework in all sixteen concerned countries and is complemented by the country specific consolidated Appeals for 2006 from Guinea and Côte d’Ivoire as well as the humanitarian Appeal for Liberia.

 


 [2] See above 

Document History

30 November 2005

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