Consolidated Appeal for West Africa 2010
Responding to humanitarian emergencies in West Africa is challenging due to the region’s diverse crises. Each crisis is complex, severe and affects the population’s coping capacities. At least 139 million people live in extreme poverty in West Africa. These people are particularly vulnerable to overall food insecurity, the effects of recurrent and regular natural disasters, and cyclical epidemics compounded by climate change and socio-political instabilities.
Trends such as trans-national criminal activities, ranging from drug trafficking to terrorism, also threaten the region’s stability. The result is that hundreds of thousands of households live under constant threat of tipping into acute vulnerability.
Considering the particularities of the West African context, participants in the 2010 regional Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) workshop, held in Dakar during September 2009, agreed that the priority axes for humanitarian action in West Africa should focus on responding to acute vulnerabilities and strengthening populations’ resilience to risks. To achieve these priorities, they identified the following four strategic objectives:
- Reduce excess mortality and morbidity in crisis situations
- Reinforce livelihoods of the most vulnerable people severely affected by slow or sudden-onset crises
- Improve protection of vulnerable people
- Strengthen national and regional coordination
The regional sector response plans developed for the 2010 CAP encompass the strategic objectives and take into account the scenarios envisioned by the humanitarian community.
The activities proposed in the response plans are based on a new approach adopted by sectoral working groups to identify humanitarian thresholds and indicators. The new approach aims to provide humanitarian actors with a comprehensive overview of the humanitarian situation throughout the West Africa region; allow improved identification of needs; and provide early indication on humanitarian risks and triggers for emergency humanitarian response and activities. It will also serve to triage needs that require an urgent humanitarian approach (which in turn should be eligible for humanitarian funds). This innovative approach will span several CAP cycles and will continuously be improved through methodological adjustments.
The 2010 response plans target delivery of assistance to an estimated 5.9 million food-insecure people and more than 290,000 children suffering from acute malnutrition. More than 1 million people living in flood-, drought- and epidemic-prone areas will directly benefit from health and water sanitation interventions. Protection activities will target an estimated 800,000 people.
The financial requirements of the 2010 CAP for West Africa amount to US$ 368 million. This is a decrease of 9% compared to the current revised budget of the 2009 CAP.
The portion of the total requirements dedicated to high-priority projects is 71%. The remaining requirements are dedicated to projects rated medium priority.
This year’s CAP for West Africa includes 129 United Nations and non-governmental organization (NGO) projects for Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, and projects with a regional coverage.