Consolidated Appeal for Zimbabwe 2007
The humanitarian situation in Zimbabwe is characterised by the simultaneous presence of acute humanitarian needs and more protracted, chronic vulnerabilities. Therefore, the 2007 CAP for Zimbabwe focuses on both emergency relief and transitional support that seeks to address the causes of vulnerability and the resulting impact on the affected populations. The most acute humanitarian needs include those of the populations affected by food insecurity and cholera outbreaks, as well as mobile and vulnerable people affected by the fast-track land reform programme, Operation Murambatsvina/Operation Restore Order, and more recent re-evictions. The more chronic issues affecting vulnerable populations include inadequate access to basic social services, insufficient agricultural inputs and disrupted livelihoods. Further impacting the overall situation in the country is the continuing economic decline and the large number of migrants. The HIV/AIDS pandemic directly affects 18%-20% of the population, with an average of 3,000 deaths per week.
Zimbabwe’s population of 11.8 million people includes a number of vulnerable groups: people living with HIV/AIDS (1.8 million; UNAIDS, 2006); children that have lost one or both parents (1.4 million; UNICEF, 2006); people with severe disabilities (230,000; Government of Zimbabwe, Central Statistical Office, December 2004); the chronically ill (population figure unknown); and food-insecure communities (1.4 million in rural areas; Rural Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee, 2006). Further included in this grouping are stateless individuals born in Zimbabwe with disputed citizenship (estimated at two million); refugees (3,200; UNHCR, 2006); ex-farm workers (160,000 households affected; UNDP, 2003)and those directly affected by Operation Murambatsvina/Operation Restore Order (650,000-700,000; Report of the United Nations Special Envoy, 2005).
The Inter-Agency Standing Committee members participating in the Consolidated Appeals Process expect that the situation in Zimbabwe will require substantial humanitarian response in 2007. The response would mitigate the effects of the declining economy and, particularly, its impact on the access and quality of basic services for already vulnerable populations.
Among the expected trends in 2007 are: a steady decline in the availability of basic agricultural inputs; a significant food gap; a continued need for assistance and protection of mobile and vulnerable populations; continued impact of contentious human rights and governance issues; and reduced resources for humanitarian programming. This is coupled with continued economic decline resulting in a reduction in household purchasing power, decreased access to basic social services for vulnerable populations and the severe impact of HIV/AIDS. In this scenario, the humanitarian community will endeavour to put mechanisms in place that will provide transitional support actions at the household and community levels.
If fully funded, the projects in this Appeal would serve to: provide food assistance to an estimated 1.9 million; provide agricultural and livelihoods support to approximately 300,000 households; improve access and quality of education services for 150,000 children; provide temporary and transitional shelter to approximately 4,200 mobile and vulnerable populations and homeless households; immunise 5.2 million people through the Expanded Programme of Immunisation; provide home-based care for over 120,000 people living or affected by HIV/AIDS; assist 2.8 million in mother and child health care programmes; reach three million people with messages to promote behavioural change and prevent HIV/AIDS; sensitise an estimated 1 million people on the prevention and management of sexual and gender-based violence; provide multi-sectoral assistance to approximately 250,000 mobile and vulnerable populations; provide assistance to 100,000 returned migrants; ensure assistance and psychosocial support to over 30,000 orphans and vulnerable children; deliver improved sanitation services to 2.5 million; and improve access to potable water for an estimated 500,000 beneficiaries.
The 2007 Consolidated Appeal aims to save lives, mitigate the impact of the humanitarian situation on vulnerable populations, enhance positive coping mechanisms and provide transitional support for the most vulnerable populations at the household and community level. The CAP act as a bridge between humanitarian assistance and transitional support, and more sustainable initiatives undertaken by development organisations. To this end, a total of 53 appealing agencies, including UN organisations, national and INGOs, community and faith-based organisations, are requesting a total of US$215 million to implement programmes and projects as part of the 2007 CAP.
 Zimbabwe Demographic Health Survey 2005/06, September 2006.
 UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic, May 2006.
 Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, National Estimates, 2005.