Consolidated Appeal for Zimbabwe 2009
The alarming degradation of Zimbabwe’s economy and rise in social vulnerability continued in 2008. A protracted election period, from March through August, essentially put the country on hold for six months, during which election violence and government restrictions halted most humanitarian field activities. Half a year of critical humanitarian service delivery in support of food security, clean water, health, and education services was lost, and the impact of this is likely to continue into 2009. The chances are good that further deterioration of the humanitarian situation can be averted if, following the initial political agreement reached between the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union – Population Front (ZANU-PF) and the Movement for Democratic Change in September, a government of unity can be created. The main challenge now is to deal with the increasingly urgent humanitarian needs of millions of vulnerable Zimbabweans.
A third consecutive failed agricultural season has further increased dependence on food, as well as non-food, assistance; 5.1 million Zimbabweans are projected to depend on food aid by the first quarter of 2009. Action is urgently required to save household agricultural production in 2009, and mitigate the impacts of the failed season in 2008. The infrastructure for delivering basic social services is seriously affected, resulting in unprecedented levels of disease incidence and prevalence throughout the country. The education sector is equally affected. High vulnerability levels, coupled with one of the world’s highest HIV infection rates of 15.6%, deepen the population’s vulnerability. World record hyperinflation and a collapsing banking system pose major challenges to humanitarian operations, with most agencies affected by the lack of cash and inability to access foreign currency.
Humanitarian agencies are committed to supporting the Government to mitigate the impact of a multidimensional crisis affecting rural and urban areas, with priority geographic areas in 2009 likely to include Manicaland, Mashonaland Central, Masvingo, Matabeleland North and South, and Midlands. This will require a combination of well-targeted emergency response and early recovery activities as the foundation for a successful long-term recovery in Zimbabwe. In support of effective response, the cluster approach was adopted in March 2008 covering five priority sectors; agriculture, emergency telecommunications, health, nutrition, and water, sanitation and hygiene. Early recovery, education and protection working groups are expected to be formalised into clusters in 2009. HIV focal points for each cluster will ensure mainstreaming of HIV in emergency preparations and management.
The Consolidated Appeal Process (
- saveand prevent the loss of lives;
- assistdisplacedpopulations, restore livelihoods and prevent depletion of productive assets;
- establisha broad partnership among the humanitarian community and engage with all stakeholders, including the Government.
Although the 2008
To achieve these priorities a total of 35 appealing agencies, including UN agencies, inter-governmental organisations, international and national NGOs, and community and faith-based organisations, are requesting an amount US$550 million to implement programmes and projects as part of the