Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan for Côte d'Ivoire and neighbouring countries (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, and Mali) 2011
Since the beginning of the political impasse in Côte d’Ivoire, considerable international attention has been devoted to the crisis and its potential humanitarian implications. Regional humanitarian actors in West Africa, in consultation with the country teams of Côte d’Ivoire and four of its neighbouring countries (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea and Mali – referred to as Côte d’Ivoire+4) requested the elaboration of a Regional Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan (EHAP). It is designed to allow humanitarian actors to reinforce their logistical capacities, level of preparedness, and coordination so as to respond as required to the actual and potentialhumanitarian needs of up to 2 million people in Côte d’Ivoire, as well as up to 100,000 refugees and other vulnerable groups, including 420,000 returnees and third country nationals. (Due to the particular impacts resulting from the influx of refugees into Liberia – its speed, size, and location – the Humanitarian Country Team there is preparing its own EHAP.)
As of 13 January 2011 more than 25,446 people have fled Côte d’Ivoire since December 2010, mainly to Liberia (25,088 refugees to date), Burkina Faso, Guinea, Ghana and Mali (see table below). In Côte d’Ivoire itself, 17,296 internally displaced people (IDPs) have been reported mainly in and around the western cities of Danané, Duékoué and Man. The exact figure of IDPs living with host families is not yet known. The Inter- Agency Humanitarian Crisis Cell established in Man is coordinating the IDP response and plans to conduct additional needs assessments.
There is significant potential for the current population movements to increase should the security situation worsen, whereupon the humanitarian response in Côte d’Ivoire could face serious challenges. The volatile security situation and anti-UN sentiments could hamper humanitarian access to the affected populations and the subsequent response. Ensuring sufficient staffing and capacity could pose a real challenge considering that a number of organizations (UN agencies and non-governmental organizations / NGOs) have scaled down their activities and relocated staff from Côte d’Ivoire.
Since the onset of the crisis, humanitarian actors have deployed considerable efforts to optimizing preparedness in Côte d’Ivoire and its neighbouring countries based on the evolution of the situation. The Regional EHAP has been developed by regional sectoral leads based on the updated contingency plan for Côte d’Ivoire (see Section 2.3, Scenario, for more details). The EHAP comprises response to the current and imminent projected caseload, plus preparedness for the full contingency of up to 2 million people affected. It will be revised continually as the situation evolved, and could require a major increase if the situation worsens.
Due to the cross-cutting nature of activities relating to refugee response, a multi-sectoral component was added to the sectoral response plans. In addition, and considering the objective of this regional EHAP is to enforce logistical capacities, a logistics and telecommunication sector response plan was also added. Regional sector response plans developed for the Regional EHAP otherwise reflect the sector structure and the four strategic objectives of the 2011 Regional CAP for West Africa:
- Reduce excess mortality and morbidity in crisis situations
- Reinforce livelihoods of the most vulnerable people severely affected by slow or sudden-onset crisis
- Ensure humanitarian access and improve protection of vulnerable people
- Strengthen coordination and preparedness of emergencies at national and regional levels.
The financial requirements for the Regional EHAP amount to US$32,766,935 to support humanitarian organisations preparedness and cover the most urgent humanitarian needs during a six-month period. The Regional EHAP includes 51 United Nations and NGO projects for Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, and Mali. (It will be counted as a supplement or revision to the West Africa 2011 Consolidated Appeal.)
 All dollar signs in this document denote United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, firstname.lastname@example.org), which will display its requirements and funding on the West Africa CAP 2011 page.