Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan for Liberia 2011
The potential humanitarian implications of the current political crisis in Côte d’Ivoireon the lives and livelihoods of thousands of people remain of deep concern. Since the beginning of the political crisis considerable international attention has been devoted to the situation in Côte d’Ivoire. To date, Liberia has seen the largest number of Ivoirians arriving onto its territory with almost 600 new arrivals per day. The Government of Liberia has agreed to recognise all Ivoirians fleeing their country in the aftermath of the election’s crisis as refugees on a prima facie basis. In addition, it is likely that Liberian nationals in Côte d’Ivoire will return to their country, and third country nationals will also leave Côte d’Ivoire for safety reasons. This group of “returnees/third country nationals” is estimated at 25,000 people.
In an effort to reinforce the response for the needs of a projected 50,000 refugees and an additional 25,000 returnees and third country nationals pouring into the territory, this Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan (EHAP) appeals for resources for current and projected imminent refugees and other affected people in Liberia. There is a separate Regional EHAP for Côte d’Ivoire and four other neighbouring countries which will address the needs of refugees, IDPs, returnees and third country nationals in Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Ghana and Mali.
As of 13 January 2011, 25,088 Ivoirian refugees have fled into Liberia with a steady increase of arrivals into its eastern borders including Butuo, Gborplay, Dulay and Loguatuo and 23 villages in Nimba County. The refugees include supporters of both Mr. Gbagbo and Mr. Ouattara. The majority of arrivals are women (55%), and 62% of the total are below the age of 18 years. UNHCR has reported that the increasing presence of refugees is putting a strain on the local communities hosting new arrivals with already limited resources. Clean water, shelter, food, health, protection, sanitation, education and security all remain the most urgent needs for refugees and local communities alike as they have very little to survive on. UNHCR and other humanitarian actors are working to providehumanitarian aid to these refugees in Liberia.
The response plans developed for the EHAP for Liberiaare in line with the sector structure and the four strategic objectives of the 2011 Regional CAP for West Africa:
- Reduce excess mortality and morbidity in crisis situations
- Reinforce livelihoods of the most vulnerable people severely affected by slow or sudden onset crisis
- Ensure humanitarian access and improve protection of vulnerable people
- Strengthen coordination and preparedness of emergencies at national and regional levels
The financial requirements for the EHAP for Liberia amount to US$55,025,738, to cover the most urgent humanitarian needs for a six-month planning and budgeting horizon.
The EHAP for Liberia includes projects of 7 United Nations organizations and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).
“Emergency humanitarian action plan” is a term that has been used in West Africa to denote what are essentially flash appeals for sudden-onset or steeply worsening crises, but which are counted as supplements to the regional West Africa Consolidated Appeal rather than parallel appeals.