Flash Appeal for Kyrgyzstan 2010
Planning and budgeting horizon: six months
Areas targeted by Flash Appeal: Osh and Jalal-Abad Provinces of Kyrgyzstan
Key clusters for response
Health, Food security, Shelter, Protection, Education, Early Recovery,
Target beneficiaries (approximate figures)
Up to 765,300 people indirectly affected or in host communities
Funding requested per beneficiary: Approximately $73
Total funding requested: $73,045,639
This Flash Appeal addresses the needs of more than one million people affected by violent conflict in southern Kyrgyzstan in June 2010. It seeks US$73,045,639 for urgent humanitarian support for the next six months, until December 2010. The affected population covered by this Appeal comprises 300,000 internally displaced people (IDPs), and up to 765,300 direct and indirect victims who are still in the homes, such as host communities or people wounded in the conflict.
On June 10, a wave of deadly violence began in the multiethnic city of Osh in southern Kyrgyzstan. A series of incidents seem to have provoked a rise in tension between the ethnic Uzbek and Kyrgyz communities in the city. On the night of June 10-11, several thousand youth confronted each other in the city centre with sticks, steel rods and guns. Over the course of several days, the violence continued in the city and spread to the surrounding district of Kara Suu and neighbouring Jalal-Abad Province. As of June 16, the Ministry of Health (MoH) had recorded 187 deaths in the conflict, with 1,966 people injured. However, senior government figures and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) have stated that the true number of casualties is likely to be several times higher than this, with many corpses buried without notification to the authorities, or still lying on the streets. In addition, the areas affected have seen widespread arson, looting of state, commercial and private property, and destruction of infrastructure.
The conflict has had acute and pressing humanitarian consequences for over one million people, especially for an estimated 375,000 people who have fled the conflict in Osh and Jalal-Abad. Of these, approximately 75,000 have sought refuge in neighbouring Uzbekistan (and are not covered by this appeal). An estimated 40,000 IDPs need acute help with their shelter, food, water and protection needs. A further estimated 260,000 IDPs living with host families require support to facilitate their stay. Several thousand people injured in the violence need support for their healthcare needs. Meanwhile, the conflict has also affected the health and livelihoods strategies of people living in conflict areas who have remained in their homes. All these groups require psycho-social support to address what has occurred since June 10. Key protection concerns include killings of civilians, gender-based violence (GBV), separation of families (particularly of children and older people), and unequal access to humanitarian assistance.
The Interim Government has requested international support to deal with the humanitarian consequences of the recent violence in southern Kyrgyzstan. It has established coordination centres for humanitarian assistance in the cities of Osh and Bishkek. The international community will work closely with the coordination centres, while maintaining the independence of humanitarian assistance.
No formal assessments have been conducted yet in southern Kyrgyzstan due to prevailing insecurity in the affected areas. ICRC and some other operational agencies have been able to produce field reports which, combined with preliminary results of rapid assessment conducted by the Kyrgyz National Red Crescent Society, give some idea of conditions in the affected areas. The United Nations in Kyrgyzstan has conducted preliminary assessments, and technical sectoral assessments are ongoing. Pre-crisis baseline data, in addition to information received from line ministries in both Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan, have also been used to estimate likely humanitarian needs.
Targeted assistance will be provided during the next six months, while concerted efforts will be made to mobilize longer-term programmes for recovery and risk reduction. Regular assessments will be undertaken to ensure that the planned response remains appropriate, timely and effective. The Flash Appeal will be revised in a month after fuller assessments are carried out.