Flash Appeal for Nicaragua 2011
As of 10 October, sustained heavy rainfall throughout Nicaragua associated with the Tropical Depression 12E have caused flooding and landslides, damages to people, property, vital infrastructure, agricultural crops and environment, resulting in the immediate need of evacuating the affected population. On 17 October, the President Daniel Ortega issued a constitutional decree of state of National Calamity and Disaster (Decree 53-2011) for the entire national territory, and requested the United Nations System in Nicaragua to activate the mechanisms for international assistance.
This request is elaborated on the official preliminary data provided by the National System for Disaster Prevention, Mitigation, and Response which states that 133,858 people have been affected, 16 people reported dead and more than 10,146 people are currently located in 102 emergency shelters.
The Government of Nicaragua also reported that the flooding affected the homes of more than 12,000 families and destroyed more than 200 water sources and damaged over 2,300 latrines. Vital infrastructure has also been severely damaged which makes access to the affected areas difficult as many roads are blocked by debris or isolated by flooding and landslide.
Although the Government is responding swiftly and effectively to the disaster, there are still significant humanitarian gaps, identified by the government and confirmed by the UNDAC team and UN agency needs assessments. Given limited access to certain remote geographical areas in the departments of Estelí and Chinandega; areas very heavily affected, there is the possibility that a larger number of people are “invisible”, and that all the needs have not yet been properly assessed. Based on this, additional assistance will be required in terms of reaching isolated communities and providing further emergency assistance as well as restoring basic services.
It is within this context of complementing Government activities and filling gaps in response that this Flash Appeal has been designed. The gaps in the Government’s response are related mainly to the areas of water and sanitation in the shelters, health, food aid, agricultural livelihoods and early recovery. The response strategy is being elaborated under a sector (cluster) approach with the participation of all relevant humanitarian actors in the country through the RedHumanitaria which also includes humanitarian NGOs.
This emergency appeal seeks a total of US$14,289,736 for projects targeting in the population in the seven departments most affected by the phenomena and with the least coping capacity according to government and post-crisis vulnerability assessments. These are, Chinandega, León, Managua, Estelí, Matagalpa, Nueva Segovia, and Madriz). By addressing the priority sectors identified by the Government (see table on key parameters), projects in these six sectors will support and complement national humanitarian efforts over a planning and budgeting horizon of six months, benefiting approximately 133,800 people, of whom 63,000 have been assessed as particularly vulnerable. As per standard procedure, this initial Flash Appeal will be revised within the next month.
All dollar signs in this document denote United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, email@example.com), which will display its requirements and funding on the current appeals page.