Humanitarian Action Plan for Iraq 2010
(UN Population Division projections for 2010)
Number of IDPs: (post-2006) 1.55 million (UNHCR)
Population targeted by IHAP Track 2: (WFP/COSIT/KRSO) 21% of overall population
The IHAP focuses on three response tracks:
- Maintain rapid response capacity to sudden-onset crises
- Area-based response in 26 districts, in order to address residual humanitarian needs in the most vulnerable areas
- Cross-sectoral country-wide themes and humanitarian needs
The 2010 Iraq Humanitarian Action Plan (IHAP) is a continuation of the inter-agency consolidated appeal process launched for Iraq in 2008 and expanded to Iraq and the Region in 2009. The 2010 IHAP is a joint humanitarian strategy for Iraq in 2010. It is not characterised as a consolidated appeal per se, in that it is not accompanied by detailed project proposals (although it is intended to facilitate fund-raising for humanitarian operations in the country).
The humanitarian situation in Iraq at the beginning of 2010 is projected to be in transition, situated between crisis and recovery. Decreasing levels of violence, improved government capacity and lack of new displacement have contributed to a gradual stabilisation of the humanitarian situation. However, these improvements could unravel should the security or political situation in the country deteriorate in 2010 or in the event of a disease outbreak (such as H1N1 or cholera) or a natural disaster. Therefore, the UN and NGO humanitarian agencies should maintain their response capacity to both human-made and natural disasters. This response capacity should also extend to supporting the Government of Iraq in implementing preventive measures such as disaster risk reduction initiatives.
While the security situation in Iraq is visibly better than 2006 to 2007, the high levels of violence have contributed to some 1.55 million Iraqis being displaced within the country since 2006, in addition to approximately 1.7 million Iraqi refugees abroad (as estimated by regional governments; of these, just under 300,000 are registered with UNHCR). The current humanitarian situation in many parts of the country is shaped not by new emergencies and displacement but rather by a legacy of sanctions, conflict, underdevelopment and neglect. These factors have led to a situation where lack of water, shelter, food, protection, or access to education and health care have reached proportions that require a humanitarian response in order to meet immediate needs. To this end, the IHAP has prioritised 26 districts in Iraq, where integrated district-level projects have been prepared in order to maximise the impact of and complementarities among various humanitarian actions and agencies. The funding raised through the 2009 CAP (Pillar I), US$ 135 million, was not sufficient to address all humanitarian needs in Iraq, and therefore deliberate focus on priority districts is intended to ensure that even limited funding can provide visible and long-lasting effects for Iraq’s poorest.
Due to the focus on these two themes, the 2010 IHAP has been grouped in three main tracks, instead of sector-level response plans used in other humanitarian appeals. The first two tracks focus on rapid response and on the provision of coherent, inter-sectoral assistance in 26 priority districts. The third track focuses on ongoing, country-wide responses that cannot be tied to a specific geographical area. These include measures aimed at addressing the humanitarian fallout of the 2007 to 2009 drought, mine action, protection for internally displaced people (IDPs), refugees and returnees, and supporting critical social safety nets needed in Iraq.
The 2010 IHAP is a joint humanitarian strategy, developed by nine UN agencies, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and 12 non-governmental organisations (NGOs) operating in the country.