Humanitarian Action Plan for Philippines (Mindanao) 2012
The population of Mindanao continues to be affected by the triple factors of insecurity, natural hazards and poverty. Heavy rains and severe weather that are affecting much of Asia have caused repeated flooding in central and southern Mindanao, displacing the population twice or even three times in some areas. The recurrent flooding has damaged agricultural land, social infrastructure and livelihoods, and reversed the gains in early recovery. This is against the background of a four-decade-long conflict between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and Moro armed groups as well as sporadic clan fighting, which also gave rise to displacement in 2011.People are more vulnerable as a result of years of repeated displacement, degradation of basic social services, chronic poverty and underdevelopment.
An estimated 698,000 displaced, returnee, and home-based people in six conflict-affected provinces in central Mindanaoneed emergency relief and livelihood support. This is a 56% increase from those targeted in the Humanitarian Action Plan 2011, which can be attributed in large part to new displacements due to flooding.
Approximately 160,000 people are considered the most vulnerable due to the long-lasting effects of the 2008 confrontation between the Government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, and other types of armed conflicts that contribute to the insecure, complex and unpredictable environment. In this context, the Philippine Humanitarian Country Team aims to fill key gaps in health; food security; nutrition; water, sanitation and hygiene; shelter; protection monitoring; and rehabilitation of basic social infrastructure. In addition, there are 451,000 returnees and “home-based” people who require livelihood-based humanitarian programming until political stability and medium- and long-term development programmes begin to shift the root causes of displacement.
The overarching goal of the Humanitarian Action Plan for 2012 is to address the acute humanitarian needs of these people to carry them through the protracted crisis until the peace agreement between the Government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front is signed, without which an enabling environment for return and resettlement is difficult to establish.
To achieve this, the Philippine Humanitarian Country Team, led by the United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator, has endorsed the following strategic objectives developed by the Mindanao Humanitarian Team in consultation with national and regional government counterparts: (1) to protect the affected population, particularly vulnerable individuals and groups, building on existing mechanisms; (2) to support the Government in responding to emergencies to reduce vulnerability of the affected population, based on assessed needs; and (3) to support the return to normality of affected populations, particularly livelihood opportunities, and strengthen the capacity of the local government and communities to do so. These objectives are built on those of 2011, and reflect the lessons learned, the evolving humanitarian situation and the most likely scenario agreed for 2012.
Operational challenges exist, including insecurity and limited humanitarian access in some areas, and expected changes in the leadership of local authorities, particularly in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. This will require continued monitoring, analysis and engagement with state and non-state actors. Community-level protection monitoring capabilities will be strengthened in partnership with local non-governmental organizations in order to gather timely information and at the same time strengthen the early warning system.
The Humanitarian Action Plan 2012 marks the second cycle of joint humanitarian programming in conflict-affected provinces in Mindanao. There is now a greater acceptance and support for this process amongst government counterparts, which the humanitarian actors have built on to prepare this action plan. For example, protection has been agreed as an overarching priority of the Humanitarian Action Plan in line with priorities set by the Government. The Humanitarian Country Team will continue to ensure complementarity with government-led humanitarian and development programmes, and help enhance institutional capacity of local government and communities.
The Humanitarian Action Plan 2012 seeks US$37,912,468 to save lives, and to support the well-being of the people in need. It comprises 30 projects coordinated by nine clusters. This represents an 8% increase in requirements compared to the original requirements for 2011, which comes from a rise in the number of target beneficiaries. The Humanitarian Action Plan 2012 reflects the best efforts of the Humanitarian Country Team in assessing needs and ensuring programmatic and geographical convergence of humanitarian action in central Mindanao to date. To ensure the delivery of critical aid the action plan needs sustained and increased funding in 2012.
Fifty rido-related incidents resulted in the displacement of an estimated 10,000 people compared to 45 incidents that displaced 6,000 people in 2010, according to OCHA incidents monitoring as of October 2011.
 Central Mindanao comprises Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Maguidanao, North Cotabato, South Cotabato and Sultan Kudarat.