Humanitarian Appeal for Ethiopia 2006

23 January 2006

As Ethiopia enters 2006, the Government and humanitarian partners are already preparing themselves for a crisis in the southern and southeastern pastoral and agro-pastoralareas of Somali and Oromiya regions, which have not receivedrainrecently. The threat of avian influenza reaching Ethiopia’s borders is another serious concern requiring preparedness at all levels in order to rapidly detect the virus’s introduction into the country and minimise its spread in the case of its occurrence. Malaria, measles, and meningitis all require intense preventative interventions to control their threat. Consideration must also be given to the unpredictable needs that may occur during the year, such as floods, and other fast-onset disasters. 

It is also anticipated that the Government’s Productive Safety Net Programme1 (PSNP) will be expanded in 2006 to include an increased caseload in the previous PSNP regions, the new region of Afar as well as plans to cover Somali Region later in the year. The PSNP will provide assistance to predictable chronically food insecure populations, while households that are subject to sudden external shocks that cause them to become acutely food insecure are assisted through the Humanitarian Appeal. 

Overall, the total number of food aid beneficiaries in the Humanitarian Appeal is 2.6 million, of which 69 percent are in the critically-affected pastoralist and agro-pastoralist areas. For the first time in decades there are no emergency food beneficiaries in Tigray and Harari Regions this year. These and other chronically food insecure populations are covered under the PSNP. Non-food needs for the country remain high, particularly in drought affected parts of the country. The impact of the current drought on Somali and Oromiya pastoralists has been further exacerbated by the influx of huge numbers of livestock from the drought stricken areas of northeastern Kenya and southwestern Somalia. Increasing resource and asset depletion meant that food aid and the provision of veterinary drugs alone can’t guarantee the survival of livestock and pastoral livelihoods anymore. Enhancing post-drought recovery necessitate a range of appropriate interventions to mitigate the impacts of drought and save pastoral livelihoods. These include: the provision of water and animal feeds for livestock; fodder production; market intervention (through destocking and other means); and restocking activities. The total emergency food required for the year is estimated to be 339,090 tonnes, of which 238,024 tonnes is considered to be carry-over pledges and stock from 2005, leaving a net requirement of 101,066 tonnes. The humanitarian assistance requirements for both food and non-food for 2006 are summarised below.

Summary of 2006 Humanitarian Assistance Requirements






                Gross: 339,090 tonnes
                Net:    101,066 tonnes
145,000,000 102,000,000 43,000,000
Supplementary food component of the EOS/TSF2
                Gross: 59,877 tonnes
                Net :   15,495 tonnes
36,800,000 25,200,000 11,600,000
Food Sub-total 181,800,000 127,200,000 54,600,000
Health and Nutrition 73,283,654 --- 73,283,654
Water and Environmental Sanitation 14,111,896 2,216,242 11,895,654
Agriculture 18,628,884 --- 18,628,884
Disaster Preparedness and Response /
Capacity Strengthening
5,409,800 --- 5,409,800
Overall Co-ordination 1,900,000 --- 1,900,000
Non-Food Sub-total 113,334,234 2,216,242 111,117,992
Grand Total 295,134,234 129,416,242 165,717,292
The figures for funding requirements in this document are valid as of 23 January 2006. Project budgets and requirements normally change during the course of the year.

For the latest funding requirements, contributions, and list of projects, see the Financial Tracking Service (FTS) on



1The core mechanism of the PSNP is to provide cash or food resource transfers to meet basic needs in exchange for labour-based public works, whilst providing direct support to the most vulnerable. 

2The Enhanced Outreach Strategy/Targeted Supplementary Feeding for Child Survival Initiative.


Document History

23 January 2006

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