Humanitarian Profile for Uganda 2011
Based on consultations with the Government of Uganda, the United Nations, the non-governmental community and donor representatives, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) decided in August 2010 that the humanitarian situation in Uganda would no longer warrant a Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) in 2011. Instead, it was agreed that an Inter-Agency Working Group, with participation of the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM), should develop a humanitarian profile for Uganda as a tool to guide decision on humanitarian action in 2011. The HCT further noted the opportunity to support the Government’s Peace, Recovery and Development Plan (PRDP) thereby boosting the ongoing recovery and development efforts in Karamoja, Acholi and Teso regions that have been targeted by the CAP in previous years.
In Acholi and Teso regions, the some 92% of the formerly 1.8 million displaced people have returned home or identified new villages within to settle. Challenges remain to allow those still residing in camps and/or transit camps to freely opt for return, local integration or settlement elsewhere as provided for by the Uganda National Internally Displaced People (IDP) Policy and to ensure the achievement of durable solutions. For those who have left the camps and returned, reintegration is still an ongoing and fragile process that will need time and support in order to consolidate and achieve durable solutions. Inadequate access to water, scarce livelihoods opportunities, minimal food security, remote health and educational services and insufficient law and order structures in areas of return, as well as disputes over land and property continue to affect return movements and the sustainability of reintegration.
In the impoverished Karamoja region, improvements have been registered in the overall food security condition as a result of relatively favourable rainfall in 2010. However, food security remains extremely fragile due to crop pests and diseases which affected crop yields in some areas, as well as livestock diseases (CCPP – Contagious Caprine Pleuro Pneumonia). Concerns related to safety and security, human rights violations, as well as scarce livelihoods opportunities continue to challenge the ongoing efforts to achieve sustainable solutions for the approximately 1.2 million people living in the region. In Western Uganda, 150,000 Sudanese, Congolese, Somali and Rwandan refugees live in camps and depend on continued humanitarian assistance until durable solutions can be found.
While this paper strives to cast an analytical light on the humanitarian context in Uganda, it neither constitutes a needs assessment nor a common humanitarian action plan. Rather, the Uganda Humanitarian Profile, which will be updated by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) on a regular basis throughout the year, will provide the humanitarian and donor communities together with the Government of Uganda the possibility to develop a common understanding of what are considered the key humanitarian issues in the country as well as their implications. The Humanitarian Profile is a dynamic paper that takes into account possible events in the country as well as in the region that could have humanitarian implications and which would require proper planning and preparedness. Therefore, early warning indicators in regard to these events will be closely monitored by the humanitarian community while contingency plans are properly developed.