Humanitarian Response Plan for Yemen 2011
Duration: January to December 2011
Key areas targeted
Northern conflict-affected governorates
Areas hosting other vulnerable populations
1.8 million food-insecure; 1.5 million children suffering from malnutrition; 225,000 IDPs & 97,000 returnees; 239,100 refugees, asylum seekers and migrants
Funding request per beneficiary: Approximately $58
Total funding requested: $224,874,248
Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranked 133rd out of 182 countries on the UNDP Human Development Index. The adult illiteracy rate is 46%, with vast gender disparities: illiteracy among female adults is 65% compared to 27% for men. The poverty rate has increased from 35% in 2006 to an estimated 43% today, partly due to drastic food and fuel price increases. In addition to this Yemen is one of the most water-starved countries in the world with a water deficit of 1 billion cubic meters (m³) per year, and with less than 92m³ of renewable internal freshwater resources per capita per year, which is far below most accepted thresholds for water scarcity. The unemployment rate is very high, making the population vulnerable to a wide range of national and global shocks such as price increases. Governance is weak and there is a lack of basic services for the general population. All these factors have resulted in a very vulnerable population with high levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
In addition to the challenges described above, Yemen has suffered from internal conflicts and clashes for several years, resulting in severe disruptions of services, lack of security for the population and a large number of internally displaced people (IDPs). The internal security threats include three distinct elements: a conflict in the north; a secessionist movement in the south; and the threat posed by terrorist elements. The most serious of the three threats concerns the outbreak of fighting in August 2009 in the north between government forces and members of the opposition group Houthi in the Governorate of Sa’ada, which triggered the displacement of over 320,000 people within Sa’ada and its neighbouring governorates. Security conditions have not been conducive to significant returns of these IDPs, and the current estimate is that only 30% of them will have returned by end of 2010, leaving the humanitarian needs for IDPs, returned IDPs and the war-affected population very high.
The overall strategy of the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) in 2011 is to provide an environment for safe and healthy living for conflict-affected people until the situation allows for permanent resettlement and self-reliance, while in addition providing a much more limited package of assistance (mainly food and nutrition) for vulnerable but non-conflict-affected Yemenis in acute humanitarian need. To that end, the HCT chose three strategic objectives to guide its humanitarian action in 2011.
- Provide life-saving assistance, especially emergency shelter, health care and nutrition, safe water and sanitation, food, and ensure protection to people affected by violence, severe food insecurity and malnourishment, and other acute humanitarian crises.
- Provide time-critical assistance and ensure a protective environment in order to address early recovery needs and support durable solutions for affected targeted populations.
- Strengthen the accountability and ability of government authorities and other key stakeholders involved in service and assistance delivery and protection through capacity-building, information-sharing, and crisis management with the aim of improving humanitarian response for all affected people.
The 2010 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan was 63% funded as of 15 November, with wide discrepancies across the clusters, and delays in funding which resulted in many critical activities not taking place, such as food distribution during the hunger period to 900,000 severely food-insecure people. The 2011 Humanitarian Response Plan aims to increase donor support – both in terms of the amount of funding, but also its timeliness – to fulfil its objectives by providing a coherent and focused strategy, improving project quality through gender mainstreaming and improving baseline data for evidence-based needs assessments.