Humanitarian Transition Appeal for Nepal 2010
Duration: January to December 2010
Harvest: May and October; Planting season: June and November; Target date for new Constitution: May
Target beneficiaries: 3.4 million food-insecure; 89,000 Bhutanese refugees; 90,000 children with severe acute malnutrition
Funding request per beneficiary: $36
Total funding request: $123,504,597
Significant humanitarian challenges remain in Nepal, three years since the peace agreement was signed, ending the civil conflict. A considerable number of people are still in need of humanitarian assistance – especially the severely food-insecure – with a larger group existing close to the margins. Any external shocks, such as floods or price increases, will dramatically heighten their vulnerability.
Each year, floods, landslides and other calamities leave thousands of people in need of food, agricultural inputs, shelter, medicine and water. More than 3.4 million people do not have enough food to eat and some 28,000 children under five die each year from easily preventable illnesses. Those who suffer the most are inevitably women and children in particular, struggling with poverty, insecurity, hunger, poor health, loss of livelihood assets, and environmental decline. These chronic and recurrent humanitarian needs call for urgent, united action. While some political progress has been achieved over the past year, ongoing humanitarian priorities in Nepal include:
- The 3.4 million people who are highly to severely food-insecure due to winter drought, high food prices, loss of agricultural inputs and the impact of conflict. Nearly half of the country’s districts are food-deficient. The Humanitarian Country Team will need to assist nearly 2.5 million people facing extreme food insecurity, mainly in the Mid- and Far-Western hill and mountain regions.
- Scaling up water, sanitation and hygiene programmes following a severe diarrhoea outbreak in western districts of Nepal in 2009.
- Strengthened preparedness and early warning systems to reduce the number of people affected by future disasters. Nepal is highly vulnerable to natural disasters, including floods, landslides and earthquakes. In 2009, some 152,000 people were affected by monsoon floods and landslides.
- Continued advocacy for unhindered humanitarian access, at a time when interference with aid delivery is challenged by protest programmes and pressure by armed groups. Recurrent bandh (strikes) delay timely assistance. Delays can mean the difference between life and death.
- Addressing the needs of the victims of the conflict, including for internally displaced people.
Nepal also faces new threats such as climate change, food and financial crises, water and energy scarcity and pandemics. To address these challenges, a response strategy has been designed to respond to current and predictable humanitarian needs, while improving preparedness to reduce future caseloads. The strategy also focuses on partnerships and capacity-building of national actors to reduce the need for international support.
Following consultation with the Government of Nepal, this Appeal only includes projects related to priorities in the areas of Food Security (including Agriculture and Nutrition), Refugees, Disaster Preparedness, and Coordination. Each of the plans and priorities articulated under each Cluster in the Common Humanitarian Action Plan remain valid, although Appeal projects have not been included across all Clusters. The 2010 Nepal Humanitarian Transition Appeal seeks US$ 123.5 million to reach more than 3.4 million people across the country with projects that bring vital life-saving assistance and reduce vulnerability.
Above all, the peace process must be sustained. Without peace, the most vulnerable communities cannot aspire to access basic services, such as health care, education and jobs. It is hoped that assistance will no longer be needed in the near future. However, this will require commitment from all parts of Nepal to protect the peace at all costs.