Indonesia Earthquake Response Plan 2006
Summary of the crisis
At 05:53hrs on 27 May 2006, an earthquake measuring 5.9 on the Richter scale (BMG) struck Indonesia’s island of Java. The epicentre was located approximately 37 kilometres south of the city of Yogyakarta. The earthquake impacted eight districts within Yogyakarta province and the neighbouring Central Java province, severely damaging housing and infrastructure. The two worst-affected districts were Bantul, in Yogyakarta, and Klaten in Central Java (see map). As of 31 May 2006, between 5,000 and 6,000 people were reported dead, with over 20,000 injured. An estimated 200,000 – 600,000 were displaced, and some 60,000 houses were damaged or destroyed.
Immediate needs have been identified for emergency shelter materials, medical assistance, clean water, sanitation, and food. The need to initiate early recovery efforts is also recognised. The National Coordinating Board for the Management of Disaster (BAKORNAS PB), along with provincial and local authorities, are taking a lead role in coordinating emergency response mechanisms on the ground. Building on preparedness measures put in place to meet needs related to a possible eruption of the nearby Mt. Merapi volcano, and drawing on stockpiled supplies from the tsunami disaster, national and international agencies have been able to begin responding to immediate needs. Over the next six months, international agencies will continue to work closely with Government partners to provide humanitarian relief and support recovery efforts. In line with the Humanitarian Reform Agenda and the decision of the IASC Principals in December 2005, the Humanitarian Coordinator, with the IASC country team, is applying the cluster approach to ensure greater predictability and accountability in the response. As such, clear leads have been established for each area of work and key UN and non-UN partners have been identified to participate in initial assessments and develop this Response Plan. Response actions under the current Earthquake Response Plan (ERP) include:
- Emergency Shelter: provide basic materials for the construction of emergency shelters and the establishment of managed camps for those rendered homeless;
- Health and Nutrition: assist overloaded hospitals and provide key medical supplies such as drugs, kits for operations, and tents for field hospitals and families of patients. Support health authorities in the coordination of health actors and strengthening disease surveillance;
- Water and Sanitation: provide alternative sources of clean water while urgent repairs are made to damaged treatment facilities and sewage systems;
- Food: provide food and supplementary nutrition, and establish food kitchens where necessary, until affected populations are able to begin working and markets become functional;
- Protection and Education: provide psycho-social support to affected population, establish child-friendly spaces, and help prevent abuse and exploitation of children and of other vulnerable groups;
- Information and Telecommunications: provide enhanced telecommunications support to enable efficient delivery of assistance to rural areas;
- Logistics: provide transportation, storage, communication and coordination support for the distribution of aid to affected areas;
- Early Recovery: providecash-for-work to clear rubble and recycle building materials. Provision of transitional shelter and equipping communities to rehabilitate housing. Efforts also include restarting micro-enterprises in the informal economy and provision of environmental advice for recovery;
- Agriculture: address food and nutrition insecurity with the aim of assisting affected farmers to resume their immediate livelihoods and reduce their overall dependency on external food aid;
- Coordination and Security: support the Government’s relief and recovery efforts (particularly in coordinating the international relief and recovery effort) and support monitoring, reporting and analysis of the needs and delivery of assistance. This also includes assisting the Government in disaster preparedness activities.
Based on initial assessments, the Emergency Response Plan urgently seeks US$ 103,389,500for projects to address these most immediate needs over the coming six months.
The present plan, which was jointly prepared by UN agencies, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, and NGOs within five days of the earthquake is based on preliminary assessments. In keeping with evolving practice, it is expected that this Response Plan will have a unified revision as soon as in-depth needs assessments—especially in the early recovery areas—are complete, in about 3-6 weeks. Minor revisions and adjustments will be ongoing.