Mid-Year Review of the Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) for Liberia 2007
Bolstered by the presence of more than 14,000 United Nations peacekeepers and some 1,200 international civilian police officers, the situation in Liberia remains calm, but the country is at a critical juncture. The consolidation of peace and the strengthening of national authority under the Government of President Johnson-Sirleaf is showing signs of providing an environment conducive to return, recovery and development. Throughout the first six months of the year refugees have continued to return home. As of end June 2007, more than 108,000 refugees had been repatriated by UNHCR, but despite this success, these individuals face continued challenges that include returning to communities that cannot meet many of their basic needs.
Humanitarian needs remain great, and Liberia still faces numerous and serious challenges. Despite continued efforts to improve the road network, access to vulnerable populations presents Herculean challenges during the rainy season. This remains a significant factor impeding the humanitarian response. Due to an overall lack of capacity, the health and education sectors remain the most problematic. Land issues are emerging as a potential source of conflict as returnees find their land occupied. The prevalence of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) also remains a key issue of concern, as rule of law institutions provide limited protection, due primarily to resource constraints (both human and material). In addition, the region retains its potential for volatility, as the recent civil unrest and political instability in Guinea and Côte d'Ivoire have shown.
The humanitarian community in Liberia, including representatives from the Government, the United Nations and NGOs, has thus concluded from this Mid-Year Review that the strategic priorities of the CHAP 2007 remain unchanged. The urgent humanitarian priorities remain to provide basic social services to vulnerable populations, provide support for communities to become sustainable, secure and productive, and strengthen the capacity of civil society and local authorities to support the recovery process. The present levels of basic social services - though inadequate - are underwritten by the support of humanitarian actors. Given the limited resources available comparative to the extensive needs, it is unlikely that the Government can assume full responsibility for providing adequate social services within the next six months. In order to maintain the present level of basic services, Liberia will therefore depend on international humanitarian organizations, including NGOs to support such services in the next six months.
As of 30 August 2007, 39% of the 2007 Liberia CHAP had been funded and a total of
$43,144,735 had been contributed or pledged. The MYR revised the requirements for a number of project budgets. Activities that had not been funded in the first half of 2007 were consequently reduced from twelve to six months, bringing the total amount requested for 2007 to $110,123,017. This remainder of requirements for 2007 is $66,978,282. In addition, a number of agencies including the International Organisation on Migration (IOM), the UNHCR, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Food Programme (WFP) requested humanitarian funding through the West Africa Regional Appeal 2007.
All dollar figures in this document are United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, firstname.lastname@example.org) which will display its requirements and funding on the CAP 2007 page.