Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Côte d'Ivoire 2006
In the last months of 2005, a series of diplomatic efforts aimed at finding a solution to the crisis in Côte d’Ivoire resulted in the endorsement of the extension of Laurent Gbagbo’s mandate as Head of State. This outcome was reached through Resolution 1633 adopted by the United Nations Security Council on 13 October 2005. The Resolution focuses on the Disarmament, Demobilisation and Reinsertion (DDR) process, the redeployment of state administration in Forces Nouvelles (FN)-controlled areas, the reunification of the country and elections in October 2006.
On 4 December 2005, Mr. Charles Konan Banny was appointed Prime Minister and three weeks later he formed his new cabinet that included representatives of the Forces Nouvelles and other members of the opposition coalition. However, in spite of these and other positive developments in the first half of 2006, the political and security situation remain unstable and volatile and will be further discussed at the Seventh Ordinary Summit of Heads of State and Government of the African Union (AU) slated for 1-2 July 2006 in Banjul.
A well orchestrated attack by Young Patriots and pro-Gbagbo supporters in January 2006 against the UN Mission in Cote d’Ivoire (UNOCI) throughout the Government-controlled south and also against humanitarian organisations in the western zone of Guiglo deepened the protection crisis and raised concerns over the increasing trend of impunity. It is within this security environment characterised by poor law enforcement that ethnically driven violence -- often the expression of vested economic and/or political interests -- has flourished in the first half of the year, particularly in the west and in the Zone of Confidence (ZoC), leading to new, albeit limited, forced population displacements.
According to new findings of a baseline survey Survey conducted by Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et d’Economie Appliquée (ENSEA) and UNFPA, Côte d’Ivoire, 2006. carried out in five regions and made public at the beginning of 2006, the total number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Côte d’Ivoire is now estimated at 750,000. Less than 10% of IDPs live in transit camps, while more than 90% are hosted by families.
Access to public services and utilities (water and power supply, telecommunication systems, health and educational facilities, public sanitation services, etc.) has been severely affected as a result of this prolonged crisis, especially in FN-held areas, with ominous consequences for local populations. Lack of safe water, poor sanitation conditions and a weak epidemiological surveillance system remain serious challenges to ongoing humanitarian efforts to prevent the collapse of basic health services and contain outbreaks of diseases such as yellow fever, cholera and meningitis.
The education sector is another source of concern, particularly in light of the role of children and youth in public demonstrations. Challenges that need to be overcome include frequent strikes by teachers and professors in Government-controlled areas, the reluctance of teachers and school personnel in the south to return to FN-controlled zones and the demands of volunteer teachers in the north who replaced the certified staff to be incorporated into the civil service.
The successful redeployment of state administration nationwide is expected to help improve the access to basic services and hence contribute to reducing the vulnerability of populations exacerbated by deteriorating living conditions. This would also increase opportunities for early recovery and rehabilitation activities.
The situation in Côte d’Ivoire requires flexibility and a heightened state of preparedness to respond rapidly to the diverse needs. It is crucial that adequate resources are made available to capitalise on opportunities to save lives or rehabilitate communities for returning populations when feasible. Unfortunately donor response has not kept up with this trend. The 2006 CAP for Côte d’Ivoire originally appealed for a total of US$ 40 million. The revised requirements are of $43 million out of which 29% have been covered.