Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Côte d'Ivoire 2008
The political context in Côte d’Ivoire has evolved significantly since the signing of the Ouagadougou Peace Agreement (OPA) between the Ivorian Government and the Forces Nouvelles (former rebel movement-FN) on 4 March 2007. The security environment has improved, as have the Government’s relations with the international community in general and the Bretton Woods institutions in particular. Many of the persons displaced during the conflict have now returned to their areas of origin, but the social and economic infrastructure remains fragile, and land and nationality disputes continue to pose serious threats to social cohesion, stability and the still fragile peace process. Since the signing of the OPA, 61,432 internally displaced persons (IDPs) have returned to the Western regions of Moyen Cavally and 18 Montagnes.
Despite the remarkable progress on a range of sensitive issues, much remains to be done. The identification process has been completed, but the reintegration of FN soldiers into the regular army has not been carried out as fast as anticipated. Moreover, the redeployment of local state authorities (notably Prefects and Sub-Prefects) to the zones formerly controlled by the FN has faced considerable obstacles over the last six months due to lack of logistical support as well as power struggles between the newly deployed and previously established authorities. This has affected the resumption of basic social services and hence the overall humanitarian situation in the country.
Foodsecurity for large segments of the population, already compromised by insufficient financial resources, particularly for the most vulnerable households, is being exacerbated by the global rise in the prices of food and fuel. This has led to increased general child malnutrition and pockets of high prevalence of acute malnutrition, particularly in the north. The health system, devastated by the impact of the prolonged crisis and the loss of qualified staff, suffered an additional shock following recent outbreaks of meningitis and yellow fever.
Given the current humanitarian needs and the emerging requirements for recovery and development, which are being addressed through relevant mechanisms, humanitarian actors have readjusted their planning and programming processes. Strong emphasis is being placed on support to the return of IDPs to their areas of origin, particularly in the western parts of the country, as well as assistance to other vulnerable communities including refugees, returnees, and host communities, and responding to malnutrition needs emanating from structural problems in the north. This focus, outlined in the Common Humanitarian Action Plan, was initially elaborated during the Mid-Year Review of the 2007
Most of the projects in the health, water and sanitation, protection, education and food security and nutrition sectors were therefore designed to reflect current humanitarian needs of IDPs and host families in return areas. With the exception of the food security sector, project proposals in the other sectors did not undergo any modification in terms of increase in funding requirements. The total amount of funding sought through the revised 2008