Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for the Central African Republic 2011
Duration: January to December 2011
Harvest: October-November 2011
Elections: January 2011
Target beneficiaries: 1,611,853 people
Funding request per beneficiary: $87
Total funding request: $139,547,305
In the midst of a still-fragile regional context, the Central African Republic (CAR) has achieved a significant step towards peace consolidation, with the peaceful holding of national elections in early 2011. In spite of the many claims put forward by the opposition regarding the legitimacy of the parliamentary election results, incumbent President Bozize was re-elected for a second term without major incidents. However, this important achievement has not yet brought the anticipated improvements for the vast majority of the CAR population.
In the north-west where the majority of the internally displaced people are located, little progress has been made towards building an environment conducive to durable returns. Similarly, CAR refugees in both Cameroon and Chad await further guarantees before returning to their home country. Whilst a comprehensive reintegration strategy has been agreed by the Government and its partners, no concrete steps have yet been taken in the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) process, in spite of the strong will of the Government to do so.
The whole population of south-east CAR remains deeply traumatized by the violent attacks by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), although the scale and number of such attacks decreased during the first semester of 2011. National and international relief organizations are now well represented in each of the affected towns in the two provinces of Mbomou and Haut Mbomou. However, road access remains hazardous without armed escorts.
Meanwhile, the overall security situation, and hence humanitarian access, has critically deteriorated in the north and north-east of the country. The resurgence of the armed conflict between the Convention des Patriotes pour la Justice et la Paix (CPJP) and Government forces and their allies of the Union des Forces Démocratique pour le Redressement (UFDR) earlier in the year translated into recurrent constraints on the population’s access to basic services and humanitarian aid. More worrying, criminal groups have been proliferating in the Haute Kotto, Vakaga and Bamingui Bangoran provinces, and increasingly targeting humanitarian workers and assets. Although the CPJP signed a ceasefire agreement with the Government on 12 June 2011, reigniting prospects of greater humanitarian access, humanitarian programmes will continue to be affected by the persistent criminal threat.
The three main objectives under the common humanitarian strategy for CAR remain: saving lives, protection, and early recovery. However, the programmatic approaches developed in support of these objectives need to adapt to each specific sub-regional context including through the design of remote programme management in the most volatile area in the north-east of the country. In the meantime, members of the Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team (HDPT) will strengthen the emphasis on integrated approaches through cross-sector projects aiming at greater impact. As such, humanitarian aid including early-recovery-oriented programmes continues to play a key role in support of peace consolidation.
The mid-year review (MYR) of the 2011 Consolidated Appeal (CAP) unveils 13 new projects, mainly addressing the evolving situation in the north-east. As of June 30, US$59 million (43%) of funding has been recorded against revised requirements of $139 million. Projects ranked as immediate priority remain largely underfunded with only 24% of needs covered. The Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) in CAR, and all the organizations that form the HDPT, urge donors to extend their support to addressing the basic needs of a highly vulnerable population