Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Chad 2006
The humanitarian situation in Chad has deteriorated during the past six months due to increased insecurity in the northern provinces of the Central African Republic (CAR), continued insecurity in Sudan’s Darfur region, and increased insecurity within Chad. Most of the current humanitarian needs – focusing on assistance to Sudanese refugees in the east, Central African refugees in the south and host populations in these areas – were foreseen in the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) 2006. However, new humanitarian needs and challenges have arisen duringthe first half of 2006. The escalation of insecurity in eastern Chad has led to the internal displacement of some 50,000 Chadians. Furthermore, the escalation of violence and banditry in northern CAR since June 2005 has triggered a new influx of 18,000 refugees into Chad. There are today a total of 48,000 CAR refugees in Chad. The increased number of internally displaced persons and the continued presence of refugees have further strained the scarce natural resources of host communities, stretching their capacity to the limit.
Despite shortfalls in funding and growing insecurity, humanitarian organisations have been able to respond to the needs of newly arrived refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), and also to continue providing services to existing refugee caseloads and to support initiatives for host communities. The provision of humanitarian assistance has resulted in reductions of morbidity, mortality and malnutrition rates, with an average Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) currently less than 5%. Some of the main constraints and challenges faced by humanitarian actors in Chad are: increased insecurity and violence against humanitarian workers (non-essential staff were temporarily evacuated in April); logistical constraints and poor road networks that make access to affected populations difficult; lack of implementing partners with adequate capacity; and lack of resources.
Overall, the humanitarian response strategy for Chad that was defined in the CAP 2006 remains valid. One additional priority had to be added: provision of assistance and protection for IDPs. Besides, humanitarian partners have stressed the need to reduce the competition for natural resources between displaced populations and host communities by reinforcing local capacity, enhancing and increasing access to basic social services and integrating humanitarian actions into longer-term development assistance. In order to improve the quality of humanitarian actions, more in-depth needs analysis should be undertaken and coordination between and within sectors or clusters needs to improve.
The challenge during the second half of the year will be to continue providing protection and assistance to up to 50,000 IDPs, 48,000 Central African refugees, and 220,000 Sudanese refugees, as well as to enhance support to host populations despite escalating insecurity and huge logistical constraints, especially during the rainy season. Priority will be given to new influxes of IDPs and refugees, should they occur.
The CAP 2006 for Chad originally appealed for US$ 167,069,799; at mid-year the total requirements for Chad have increased by 9% to $182,132,009. New and revised projects have been included in order to meet the needs of IDPs, improve livelihood activities for host communities and refugees, provide legal assistance for victims of sexual and gender-based violence, and improve security for affected populations and humanitarian personnel. Reported contributions to date amount to $84,143,700, which is 50% of the original requirements, or 46% of the revised requirements. In addition, $28,765,046 has been reported as contributions and pledges to non-governmental organisations and the Red Cross Movement for humanitarian projects that they have declined to list in the CAP. The current shortfall in the Chad CAP 2006 for the remainder of the year is $97,988,309.