Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Chad 2010
During the first half of 2010, the humanitarian situation in Chad has experienced several significant changes which will affect the humanitarian response for the rest of the year. Humanitarian actors were presented with important challenges: malnutrition and food insecurity in the west and the centre; the continuing but slow return of internally displaced people (IDPs) and the prevalence of vulnerable households in the east; the continued presence of refugees in the east and south; and the imminent departure of the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) before the end of the year. The new crisis in western and central Chad requires a major expansion of the humanitarian response. It is a severe and large-scale crisis comprising malnutrition, food insecurity and other effects of drought which will require life-saving aid for an additional 1.6 million people. The crisis affects the Sahel belt, specifically in Kanem, Bahr El Gazal, Guera and Batha regions in western and central Chad. A total of 50,000 children are suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM). This is half of the nationwide total of 102,000 children suffering from SAM.
In eastern Chad, some IDPs are slowly returning to their places of origin or settling at third locations. However, the majority remain at the sites and continue to depend on humanitarian aid. The Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) is currently reviewing the return strategy for IDPs, taking into account their specific needs and reviewing the criteria for receiving humanitarian aid. It is critical that sustainable solutions form an integral part of the response plans for IDP assistance, and that the role of early recovery in the strategy be reinforced and supported.
To address the affected populations’ most urgent needs, humanitarian actors must rapidly reinforce their capacity to respond. This requires an urgent mobilization of resources. They also strive to reinforce relevant partnerships with development actors to attempt to address the underlying vulnerabilities that exacerbate food insecurity in this region, while also saving lives.
Due to the new crisis, more than 2.8 million people now require humanitarian aid in Chad. This number comprises the new caseload of 1.6 million people in the west, plus 171,000 IDPs, 20,000 returnees, 314,000 refugees, and affected host populations in eastern and southern Chad. This is likely to be compounded by droughts in the north and floods in the south, which affect the country annually. Humanitarian actors will need to be ready to respond to needs nationwide. A rapid and significant reinforcement of financial and human resources is required so that the humanitarian community in Chad can address these challenges.
On 24 May 2010, the UN Security Council gave MINURCAT a new mandate which expires on 31 December 2010. The withdrawal of MINURCAT is a source of concern to humanitarian organizations: they will face a new security environment that is probably more difficult for maintaining safe and secure humanitarian space and full access to beneficiaries. The Détachment Intégré de Sécurité (DIS) will be reinforced. DIS, together with the Chadian Gendarmerie, the Garde Nationale et Nomade du Tchad and the Armee Nationale du Tchad (ANT), will provide civilian protection and security for humanitarian organizations in the east and the south-east of the country.
Despite limited funding and access constraints, key achievements during the first half of this year focus on the sustained and effective delivery of humanitarian aid in life-saving sectors such as health, nutrition, food, protection, and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). The number of security incidents has substantially decreased, although the nature and gravity of recent incidents continue to be a great concern. They include armed attacks on DIS posts, abductions, kidnapping, and other attacks against humanitarian personnel and their assets.
As of June 25, funding for the 2010 Chad Consolidated Appeal (CAP) amounts to 45% of the requirements of US$542 million. However, 56% of the total funding available so far is carry-over from 2009 and only 44% is new contributions. Agriculture, nutrition, WASH, protection and early recovery all remain severely underfunded. They are essential sectors in the humanitarian operation in Chad. The current situation requires donors’ urgent attention, as populations require a comprehensive approach to their needs. To address the most urgent inequalities among the sectors in eastern Chad, and to respond to the food and malnutrition crisis in western Chad, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has allocated $13,560,425 to date in 2010.
The Mid-Year Review requires $297 million for the remainder of 2010. A large part of this amount is critical in order to address additional needs related to the food insecurity and malnutrition crisis.