Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Chad (IDP Emergency Assistance) 2007
During the past six months, the situation in Chad and along the Sudan/Chad/Central African Republic borders has become increasingly volatile. As a result, the humanitarian situation in eastern Chad has deteriorated sharply. The upsurge of violence during the first half of 2007 has resulted in new displacements and even greater humanitarian needs and challenges. In addition to 280,000 Sudanese and Central African refugees, there is today an estimated 150,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in eastern Chad. Needs are particularly acute for IDPs who hastily fled the zones of conflicts without their belongings.
New humanitarian needs and challenges include:
- The internal displacement of an additional 70,000 Chadians, bringing the total number of IDPs in eastern Chad to 150,000;
- A new influx of refugees in southern Chad, increasing the caseload of Central African refugees to an estimated 44,000;
- Increasing pressure exerted by displaced populations on natural resources and stressed host communities;
- Deteriorating water and sanitation conditions in IDPs settings, causing a spread of water-borne diarrhoeal diseases and culminating in a new outbreak of Hepatitis E in the Goz Beida district.
Despite shortfalls in funding and growing insecurity, humanitarian organisations were able to respond to the needs of new IDPs. They also continued to provide assistance to refugees and support initiatives for host communities. The provision of humanitarian assistance has resulted in a reduction of morbidity, mortality and malnutrition rates, with an average global acute malnutrition (GAM) currently less than 5%. Continued constraints and challenges include:
- Rising insecurity and access restrictions, creating a rapidly worsening humanitarian situation, in particular in the sector of protection. The insecure environment manifests itself through attacks along humanitarian supply routes. This has led to the implementation of United Nations security phase IV in eastern Chad. The current trend indicates a significant worsening of the security situation compared to last year. In 2006, more than 40 humanitarian vehicles were carjacked;
- Logistical constraints and poor road network complicates the access to affected populations. The lack of operational partners with adequate capacity and resources is an additional constraint.
The objectives of the second half of the year willbe to:
- Continue to provide assistance for 150,000 IDPs, 44,000 Central African Republic (CAR) refugees, and 236,000 Sudanese refugees;
- Increase support to host populations;
- Address new influxes of IDPs and refugees should they occur.
The humanitarian strategy developed in the CAP 2007 remains valid. So does the strategy on Provision of Assistance and Protectionfor IDPs(included in April’s CAP revision). The growing number of IDPs accentuates the need to further integrate humanitarian action with longer-term development strategies; to focus on local capacity-building; and to improve access to basic social services. These steps are critical in order to reduce the competition and defuse tensions between displaced populations and host communities over natural resources. In order to improve the quality of humanitarian response; both needs analysis and inter-sector/cluster coordination must improve during the next six months.
At the start of the Mid-Year Review (MYR) the requirements of the CAP 2007 for Chad amounted to US$196 million. New and revised projects have been included in this MYR so as to address increasing needs of IDPs, improve the livelihood of host communities and refugees, provide legal assistance for victims of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), and improve security for affected populations and humanitarian personnel. As a result of the MYR overall requirements were further revised upwards to $238 million. Part of the increase in CAP requirements reflects the retroactive counting of funded projects not originally counted in the CAP. Reported contributions as of 21 June total $142 million,leaving the outstanding requirements at $96 million.
All dollar figures in this document are United States dollars. Funding for this plan should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, firstname.lastname@example.org), which will display its requirements and funding, continually updated, on the CAP 2007 page.