Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Guinea 2006
As a result of civil wars in the Mano River Union (MRU) countries, Guinea has hosted nearly one million refugees from Sierra Leone and Liberia for over ten years. It continues to also cope with Guinean Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), following rebel attacks from 2000-2001, as well as with additional refugees from the 2002 conflict in Côte d’Ivoire. The burden on host populations is tremendous. Furthermore, the linking of international assistance to Guinea’s compliance with good governance and output-oriented macro-economic reforms has resulted in increasing poverty, high inflation, and the breakdown of social services and infrastructure, including telecommunications and transportation. Today, Guinea’s social indicators have become similar to those of countries emerging from a prolonged war.
Unlike 2005, no significant reforms were taken towards reform this year to address this declining socio-economic situation characterised by a decrease in the gross national product, rising inflation, steady devaluation of the national currency, stagnation of salaries, and decaying basic social infrastructure and services that have not been maintained or otherwise supported.
In effect there is an increase in extreme poverty and vulnerability with over 50% of the population living on US dollars 20 or less per month, and with little or no access to food security, health, water and sanitation and education facilities. This has been the trigger for outbreaks and recurrence of epidemics such as cholera, yellow fever, meningitis and polio. High mortality, morbidity and malnutrition rates, particularly among children under five years of age and pregnant women, are a cause for concern.
In pursuance of the strategic goals agreed upon for 2006, the priorities for aid to refugees, returnees, Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and affected host communities for the next six months will be to:
- Reduce food insecurity, malnutrition, morbidity and mortality rates;
- Contain the spread of cholera, meningitis and yellow fever and provide effective drugs for malaria;
- Repatriate and reintegrate the remaining refugees;
- Address residual humanitarian coordination needs such as contingency planning both in relation to the situation in Côte d’Ivoire, the Avian Human Influenza (AHI) and internal instability;
- Support the Government authorities on natural disaster preparedness;
- Support information management and a smooth transition from relief to recovery.
As a result of the Mid-Year Review exercise, 16 projects were revised downwards to adjust to a reduced implementation period and to cover unmet needs for the remaining six months. One new project was added, while four projects remain valid. Activities will be implemented by UN agencies and NGOs, subject to timely and adequate funding. Funding levels currently stand at only 22.7% of the total Appeal.
As Guinea is in the process of a political transition from relief to early recovery, most humanitarian agencies are shifting their focus to rehabilitation and recovery programmes. A Rehabilitation and Reintegration Plan is being developed for Guinée Forestière. However, it is important to note that for the remainder of 2006, humanitarian assistance under the CAP will still be needed to address basic needs in several areas (e.g. water and sanitation, agriculture, health and education). No Consolidated Appeal is expected for the year 2007 as it will coincide with the beginning of the implementation of the Common Country Assessment (CCA)/UN Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) (2007-2011).
The Mid-Year Review (MYR) 2006 Consolidated Appeal has a revised total requirement of US$26,518,542, representing a reduction of 19% in comparison with the original $32,874,581. The United Nations and its partners require this amount to address the urgent needs of some 630,000 beneficiaries.