Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Iraq 2008
The humanitarian situation in Iraq continues to call for a concerted and comprehensive international response. Urgent needs across key humanitarian sectors are widespread and accumulating due to acute deprivation of essential services; armed conflict, generalised violence and rights violations; long-term internal displacement and challenging return situations; and lack of access to impartial humanitarian assistance.
The Iraq Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) 2008 is the first joint international effort since 2003 to respond to immediate priority needs among vulnerable Iraqis according to a common strategy for the UN, international organisations and international and national NGOs, in close coordination with Iraqi authorities (Government of Iraq [GoI] and Kurdistan Regional Government [KRG]).
The Consolidated Appeal and the Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) underpinning it was launched mid-February this year, hence the implementation is still in its nascent stages. Given the relatively short time-lapse since the launch of the original appeal, and the scarcity of concrete new data to enhance our collective understanding of existing vulnerabilities and needs - which would warrant a more substantial revision of the CAP - the overall analysis of the context and humanitarian situation in Iraq is unchanged. Consequently, the humanitarian strategy and priority needs as well as the specific sector priorities and response plans identified in the original CHAP represent the continuing strategic vision of humanitarian partners. The overarching strategic priorities for humanitarian actors in Iraq remain:
- Relieve immediate suffering in communities acutely deprived by crisis, through bridging the gap in access to essential services;
- Provide protection for the most vulnerable civilians against grave violations of their human rights;
- Improve the capacity, coverage, coordination and impact of humanitarian action;
- Strengthen links between immediate action for families in crisis and support for sustainable recovery.
While the appeal overall is 47% (US$128.5 million) funded, donors’ financial contributions are unevenly allocated across the sectors vis-à-vis their requirements, and key humanitarian sectors face immediate funding shortages. Hence, urgent needs inside Iraq are not sufficiently met as they exceed funding available; with many vulnerable civilians not receiving much needed assistance and protection. Moreover, funding for the emergency response has been late coming in, and has only recently allowed the start up of projects, while other emergency programmes still need funding to be delivered to Iraqi communities.
Based on all these factors, it was not deemed suitable for the Iraq CAP 2008 to engage in an extensive Mid-Year Review at this stage, and it was considered premature to report substantially on the status of response and progress of projects. Rather, this Iraq CAP Mid-Year Status Update highlights the continuity of the recently agreed humanitarian strategy and priorities for the rest of 2008, and underscores funding shortages delaying the emergency response.
Sector response plans and project portfolios have not been overall amended or adjusted at this time. However, due to the increase in food and fuel prices, contributing to the global food crisis, there is a slight upwards adjustment of the financial cost of the World Food Programme’s (WFP) emergency operation, consequently increasing the total amount requested for Iraq in 2008.
The emergency appeal for Iraq now stands at $273 million, out of which a total of $144 million is still urgently required to fully implement the joint humanitarian strategy for 2008 and meet immediate priority needs through delivery of assistance and provision of protection, wherever humanitarian actors can gain access.
Following common parlance, in this document CAP stands for Consolidated Appeal as well as Consolidated Appeal Process, depending on context.