Mid-Year Review of the COnsolidated Appeal for Iraq and the Region 2009
Within Iraq, the situation has evolved gradually from one of large-scale displacement and acute humanitarian emergency towards early recovery and development. During the first half of 2009, Iraq has continued to move tentatively towards a more peaceful and stable future, with monthly levels of violence decreasing from 2008. However, the security situation in the country is still far from stabilized, with continued attacks against civilians and many underlying conflicts and grievances still unresolved.
In Iraq, the United Nations (UN) continues to shift its operations towards addressing the needs of particularly vulnerable groups amongst the wider Iraqi population, which is reflected in the majority of the
Across the region, the countries hosting Iraqi refugees continue to offer hospitality and protection to a stable population of just under 300,000 registered refugees. During the first half of 2009, the three countries hosting the largest populations – Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon – have experienced a small but steady stream of arrivals and new registrations, offsetting resettlement departures and voluntary repatriation to Iraq. Returns continue at a rate lower than anticipated at the time of the CAP in late 2008, but an increase is expected in the coming summer months. While working toward durable solutions for all refugees, participating agencies across the region strive to address the critical subsistence, protection, health, and education needs of the most vulnerable. Without the formal right to work, vulnerabilities are deepening as the refugees’ displacement from Iraq becomes protracted, and many are unable on their own to meet basic needs related to food and accommodation. For these, the UN and participating agencies provide an essential safety net of food, non-food, and financial assistance. Concerted work with host governments has resulted in important protection gains relating to residency status and has ensured continued access to health care and education services.
In this context, the Pillar II strategic priorities have been reaffirmed and the common humanitarian response plans remain valid. Some projects have been revised and several new projects added to better target increasing vulnerabilities, but with a slightly reduced total request of $341.6 million.
The 2009 Consolidated Appeal Process (