Mid-Year Review of the COnsolidated Appeal for Iraq and the Region 2009

21 July 2009

Within Iraq, the situation has evolved gradually from one of large-scale displacement and acute humanitarian emergency towards early recovery and development.  During the first half of 2009, Iraq has continued to move tentatively towards a more peaceful and stable future, with monthly levels of violence decreasing from 2008.  However, the security situation in the country is still far from stabilized, with continued attacks against civilians and many underlying conflicts and grievances still unresolved. 

 In Iraq, the United Nations (UN) continues to shift its operations towards addressing the needs of particularly vulnerable groups amongst the wider Iraqi population, which is reflected in the majority of the CAP sector plans.  The communities in focus are not only limited to IDPs and returnees, but also include female-headed households, particularly Iraq’s widows, children and adolescents, and other marginalized groups, including those targeted by violence.  As humanitarian access becomes less restricted, new humanitarian and development needs are identified.  These are successfully incorporated in the existing response strategies of the 2009 Iraq CAP Pillar I which proved well-suited to the current developments in the country.  Therefore, no revision of the Pillar I Strategic Priorities for Humanitarian Response was necessary at the time of the MYR.  The MYR process for Pillar I did not result in major project revisions, but several new projects were added, including two UNHCR projects totalling US$[1]100 million that focus on returnees’ protection and shelter requirements. These new requirements increased the overall amount of Pillar I by 61% to $308.8 million.

 Across the region, the countries hosting Iraqi refugees continue to offer hospitality and protection to a stable population of just under 300,000 registered refugees.  During the first half of 2009, the three countries hosting the largest populations – Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon – have experienced a small but steady stream of arrivals and new registrations, offsetting resettlement departures and voluntary repatriation to Iraq.  Returns continue at a rate lower than anticipated at the time of the CAP in late 2008, but an increase is expected in the coming summer months.  While working toward durable solutions for all refugees, participating agencies across the region strive to address the critical subsistence, protection, health, and education needs of the most vulnerable.  Without the formal right to work, vulnerabilities are deepening as the refugees’ displacement from Iraq becomes protracted, and many are unable on their own to meet basic needs related to food and accommodation.  For these, the UN and participating agencies provide an essential safety net of food, non-food, and financial assistance.  Concerted work with host governments has resulted in important protection gains relating to residency status and has ensured continued access to health care and education services. 

 In this context, the Pillar II strategic priorities have been reaffirmed and the common humanitarian response plans remain valid.  Some projects have been revised and several new projects added to better target increasing vulnerabilities, but with a slightly reduced total request of $341.6 million. 

The 2009 Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) for Iraq and the Region aims to meet immediate humanitarian needs, contribute to stabilization and promote recovery not only within Iraq itself, but also targeting an estimated 1.7 million Iraqis who found refuge in seven countries across the Middle East.  The appeal comprises two pillars: Pillar I is coordinated by Iraq’s Humanitarian Coordinator and reflects needs within Iraq; Pillar II is coordinated by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and addresses protection and assistance for Iraqi refugees in the region, as well as smaller numbers taking refuge further afield.  At the time of the Mid-Year Review (MYR), the appeal is 43% funded, with the funding level for Pillar I (Iraq) averaging 33% and for Pillar II (Region) amounting to 50% of the total requirements.

[1]All dollar signs in this document denote United States dollars.  Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, fts@reliefweb.int), which will display its requirements and funding on the current appeals page. 

Document History

21 July 2009

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