Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Nepal 2005-2006
Since October 2005, Nepal has seen major political changes. On 24 April a people’s movement involving massive nationwide protests and strikes resulted in the announcement by King Gyanendra of the return of power to the people and the reinstatement of parliament.
The protests followed a 12-Point understanding reached between the Seven Party Alliance (SPA) of agitating political parties and the Communist Party of Nepal – Maoist (CPN-Maoist) in November 2005. An earlier unilateral ceasefire was ended by the CPN-Maoist in January to destabilise the 8 February municipal elections, called by the King. The SPA also opposed these elections and actively boycotted them.
Since the April movement both sides have announced ceasefires and engaged in peace talks. In a less positive vein, the new Finance Minister has announced that the Government is effectively bankrupt.
Whilst the political changes have brought obvious improvements in the overall security situation across the country, the CPN-Maoist continues to maintain effective control over the majority of the countryside, refusing access to many service providers from the Government.
Reports of abductions, extortion and recruitment by the CPN-Maoist have increased and attempts to interfere in the humanitarian and development programmes have continued. Due to security concerns, for the time being most persons displaced by the conflict have been reluctant to return.
New emergency food and nutritional programmes have been initiated in 10 districts of the mid and far west to address emergency needs related to drought. Other recent assessment missions have found startling levels of malnutrition in lowland Terai districts, where wasting has been found to be as high as 20% amongst children under five years old.
A recent study by United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) puts Nepal amongst the 10 most-affected countries for victim-activated explosions, ranking higher than Chechnya. In 2005 there were 142 reported casualties with the second highest proportion of child casualties in the world.
The capacity to respond to conflict and natural disasters is not yet fully established. The ability to support essential services in areas where the conflict has been most devastating has also been compromised by the limited availability of new funds.
Although the present political environment is a positive development, many obstacles are yet to be overcome before lasting peace can even be foreseen. Meanwhile, the needs of the population, especially in the remotest areas, still require careful monitoring and bold responses by the specialised agencies. Efforts to ensure operational space, access and safety of aid workers and independent needs-based interventions have to increase.
At the time of the preparation of this Mid-Year Review, the CAP has been funded at 59% of the total requested. The protection sector has been relatively well funded – though major gaps remain in all other areas, especially with respect to child protection requirements. The revised requirements for this Appeal are of US$ 68,440,750, out of which unmet requirements, for the remainder of 2006, total $ 28,090,033.
All dollar figures in this document are United States (US) dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, firstname.lastname@example.org), which will display its requirements and funding on the CAP 2006 page.