Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for the occupied Palestinian territory 2010
Since the launch of the 2010 Consolidated Appeal for the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt), there have been no major changes in the humanitarian situation. The key features of the occupation, such as military operations, the movement, access, and planning regime in the West Bank, and the blockade on Gaza, continue to deny people their basic human rights and create a forced dependence on humanitarian assistance. While there are some improvements in employment opportunities in the West Bank, the blockade on Gaza continues to erode livelihoods and basic infrastructure there. Sixty-one percent of Gaza’s households and 25% of households in the West Bank remain food-insecure, with at least 300,000 Palestinian refugees in Gaza living in conditions of abject poverty. Tens of thousands of Palestinians – a potential 60,000 in Jerusalem in particular – are at risk of home demolitions and displacement because they are unable to obtain building permits for their houses.
The main achievements in the humanitarian response so far in 2010 have been to expand food voucher schemes in the West Bank, which provide assistance to urban and peri-urban poor while simultaneously supporting the local economy; the enhancement of the response in Area C – identified as one of the most vulnerable areas in the oPt; more systematic and efficient emergency response to home demolitions; and increased access to legal aid. At the process level, data collection and analysis in some clusters/sectors has significantly improved – especially as regards the priority areas of Area C and East Jerusalem. Joint cross-cluster planning and advocacy for these two areas has also been a major achievement in 2010. With the ongoing restrictions on humanitarian space both in Gaza and the West Bank, the continued functioning of an access support unit has benefited the entire humanitarian community through negotiation of access for staff and goods with the relevant Israeli authorities.
For the remainder of the year, the top priorities of the humanitarian community are to:
- continue to promote respect for international humanitarian law and human rights, especially in relation to the need to lift the blockade on the Gaza Strip, and reduce movement, access and planning restrictions in the West Bank, including Area C and East Jerusalem.
- pursue efforts to increase operational space for humanitarian agencies. This includes access to Gaza, especially for the material needed to address urgent water, sanitation and hygiene, housing, health and education needs; permits for humanitarian projects in Area C; and facilitation of movement of ambulances and humanitarian staff through checkpoints, including into enclaves isolated by the Barrier.
- improve water quality and availability for 1.7 million people; provide micronutrient supplements to 220,000 children and 100,000 pregnant women to prevent stunting and anaemia; provide food aid/food vouchers to 1.6 million people and create cash-for-work (CfW) opportunities for 103,000 people; reach 261 isolated communities with mobile health clinics and increase coverage of maternal health care; renovate 116 schools and provide remedial education to 168,700 children; and extend livelihood support to 88,000 people dependent on agriculture; and otherwise reach the needs outlined in the 2010 Consolidated Appeal.
- operationalize contingency plans for a natural disaster or escalation of the conflict through pre-positioning of relief items and establishing procurement links.
- enhance cluster/sector coordination and information management to create a foundation for joint, results-based planning of humanitarian action.
At mid-year, the oPt 2010 CAP is 42% funded. The humanitarian community in the oPt originally appealed for US$664.4 million for 236 projects. As of 25 June 2010, $254 million had been received, including carry-over funds from 2009. Uneven and/or low funding in some clusters/sectors threatens the implementation of key projects and greatly impairs partners’ ability to meet stated objectives. During the Mid-Year Review, requirements have been revised down to $603 million through the merging of some projects, the removal of others due to lack of funds, and the downward revision of requirements to reflect the remaining implementation period.