Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for the occupied Palestinian territory 2011
The six months (December 2010 - May 2011) that followed the publication of the 2011 Consolidated Appeal for the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt) was characterized by significant political developments. These included the signature of a reconciliation agreement between the two main Palestinian political factions, Fatah and Hamas, continued progress towards achieving the Palestinian State-building agenda, and the uprisings and political changes in several Arab countries. The possible recognition of Palestinian statehood in September 2011 has also triggered hopes and increased uncertainty. However, these developments have not improved the conditions of the Palestinian population, and at mid-year the humanitarian situation remains inextricably linked to the Israeli policies in the occupied Territory.
The CAP 2011 focuses on the humanitarian situation of Palestinian communities in the Gaza Strip, East Jerusalem, Area C of the West Bank and in areas isolated by the Barrier. By mid-year most features of the Gaza blockade are still in place; access and movement restrictions in Area C, the seam zones, and to and from east Jerusalem are now well entrenched; and Palestinian communities’ access to essential services and livelihood opportunities remains largely constrained. Two-thirds of Palestinians in Gaza and one-third in the West Bank are still not able to secure an adequate diet without assistance. The protection and human rights situation remains equally disturbing: collective punishment continues in Gaza, and demolitions, forced evictions and displacement, and settler violence have all increased in the West Bank.
As of 30 June 2011, the oPt Consolidated Appeal (CAP) 2011 is 38% funded which makes it the fifth-lowest-funded CAP globally. More than two-thirds of proposed projects have received no funding. This has already driven agencies and NGOs to reduce or curtail programmes. As a result, at mid-year the output achievement rate across clusters/sectors remains uneven, but generally well below the target of 40% for each cluster/sector. As part of immediate efforts to address the low level of funding, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) is developing a new strategy for 2012 to give more focus on priority humanitarian needs. Longer-term and development needs will be addressed under separate frameworks. At mid-year, clusters/sectors have highlighted projects in the CAP that are “top priority.” These include projects for immediate life-saving actions, those targeting particularly vulnerable groups, and those supporting communities faced with serious protection concerns. The decision of the HCT to highlight clear priorities reflects its commitment to increased effectiveness and accountability in the implementation of the humanitarian strategy. In addition, projects that are unlikely to receive funding and / or projects that realistically can no longer be implemented by the end of 2011 have been withdrawn, and some other project budgets have been reduced so as to reflect the postponement of actions that can no longer be implemented this year.
The key challenge for the HCT in the coming year will be to ensure that the 2012 strategy is well- focused, that it integrates elements for improved planning and monitoring, and that it is implemented in a transparent and accountable way. The advocacy strategy adopted by the HCT in May will help support these efforts. This strategy outlines key advocacy priorities, including the most urgent protection issues, and defines the HCT key messages on these issues.
At mid-year, the HCT reduced requirements from US$575.5 million to $536 million to address the most urgent needs in the oPt. Partners have reported $206 million in funding to date, leaving unmet requirements of $330 million.