Mid-Year Review for the Consolidated Appeal for the Republic of Congo 2010
Despite a positive donor response to the Republic of Congo Consolidated Appeal launched in March 2010, a significant portion of humanitarian needs remain unmet for refugees in Likouala Department and for the host communities. The presence of 114,700 refugees has caused the socio-economic situation to deteriorate in the host region due to the heavy burden imposed on the local population estimated at 65,000 people. This is compounded by significant challenges in security and logistics, hampering the delivery of humanitarian assistance. The cost of response activities is high and further support is essential to reach the most remote areas and vulnerable people in dire need of assistance.
A key achievement during the first part of 2010 was the successful continuation of delivering humanitarian aid, despite the limited means to do so. Some 35,000 refugees received non-food items (NFIs); infrastructure and housing for refugees have been constructed; 16 new health centres were built; some 17,000 refugee students were enrolled at primary schools and more than 70,000 food rations were distributed. Furthermore, potable water has been delivered to a significant proportion of the refugees, and initial steps have been taken to help refugees to obtain some degree of self-sufficiency through the provision of supplies, seeds, agricultural equipment and fishing gear. However, the situation remains challenging and existing needs have not yet been covered.
Until the end of the year, priority sectors remain protection, health, nutrition, education and livelihoods. In the area of protection, cases of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in refugee sites require specific attention with regard to awareness-raising, prevention, and clinical and psycho-social support for victims. If the current support comes to an end, the precarious health situation faced by many refugees and the local population may further decline and turn into a serious humanitarian catastrophe. Health, including reproductive health kits and sanitary materials for women, continues to require constant attention in order to avoid a health crisis that might have direct consequences on the lives of refugees and local populations. Special attention is also required to sustainable livelihoods that allow refugees to be self-reliant. Additional food stocks as well as further supplies of seeds and tools are needed. In the education sector, some 15,000 children are still deprived of their right to education. Promotion of pre-school education, provision of equipment to education centres, and teacher training and monitoring are priorities until the end of this year.
During the emergency phase, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has been the only source of funding for some agencies that were prepared to assist the host communities in the key sectors of health, agriculture and education.
The humanitarian situation remains alarming because key sectors that are crucial for the humanitarian response operation are only funded around or below 10%. This particularly concerns education, shelter, NFIs, water, sanitation and hygiene, and livelihoods.
As of 25 June 2010, funding for the Republic of Congo (RoC) appeal amounts to US$ 25,586,120. This represents 43% of the total required amount of $58,985,837.
Therefore, as of the Mid-Year Review, the RoC still requires $33,399,717 in order to provide adequate humanitarian assistance until the end of the year.