Somalia has experienced this year a serious deterioration of the humanitarian situation, at a more rapid and larger scale than initially anticipated during the development of the 2008 CAP. Drought and severe water shortages have affected wide geographical areas from the north to most of Central Somalia. Displacement caused by insecurity and conflict has continued in and around Mogadishu, with the IDP population reaching 300,000 in the Afgooye corridor, and 1.1 million in total. Coping mechanisms for host families in many parts of Somalia have already been stretched to the limit, due to multiple shocks over the past few years. The crisis is compounded by the growing IDP population, the effects of the drought, deepening insecurity, and now economic factors: hyper inflation, especially of locally and imported food, and currency devaluation.
Against this backdrop, FAO’s Food Security Analysis Unit (FSAU) took an unprecedented step when it revised its Integrated Phase Classification in April without waiting for the next seasonal analysis after the Gu rains in June. The results of the latest FSAU analysis indicate that 2.6 million, or 35%, of the total population now face the conditions of Humanitarian Emergency (HE), or Acute Food and Livelihoods Crisis (AFLC) – an increase of more than 40% since January. The original 2008 CAP planning figures were 1.5 million people. The increased numbers in need of humanitarian assistance includes for the first time 600,000 urban poor, or nearly 20% of the urban population. Furthermore, FSAU’s analysis gives an early warning that in the event the Gu rains fail, the Somali Shilling continues to be devalued, food prices continue to increase, and civil insecurity worsens, potentially 3.5 million people – nearly half the population in Somalia – could face HE or AFLC.
This extraordinary situation calls for the immediate scaling-up of the existing humanitarian and livelihood-support programmes. In the 2008 Mid-Year Review, UN agencies and NGO partners of the CAP have revised financial requirements upwards from the original US$ 406 million to $641 million, an increase of 57%. Against the revised requirements, the CAP is now approximately 32% funded. Much of the increase is due to the two-fold increase in the food aid cluster’s requirements to support 3.5 million people by the end of 2008. The requirements for the Protection cluster have been increased by 43%. Other sectors have revised their requirements upwards by 10-30%.
The Humanitarian Country Team and its local and international partners are fully aware that the ability of the humanitarian community to deliver what is needed is largely contingent upon sustained, safe and improved humanitarian access as well as implementation capacity commensurate with the growing needs. With this in mind, the revised 2008 CAP represents what the humanitarian community desires to achieve in order to assist those 2.6 to 3.5 million people in need. It is the view of the humanitarian country team that the scaling-up proposed in this revision constitutes the minimum necessary actions required to bring back the Somali population from the brink of crisis and avoid a return to the near famine conditions of the 1990s.
All dollar figures in this document are United States dollars. Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, email@example.com), which will display its requirements and funding on the CAP 2008 page. urn to the near famine conditions of the 1990s.