Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for South Sudan 2012

4 July 2012

The first half of 2012 has seen the continuation of unresolved issues between Sudan and South Sudan as well as the emergence of new challenges.  Some of these challenges were anticipated in the most likely planning scenario developed for 2012, while other challenges have far exceeded expectations, further worsening the humanitarian situation to the extent that in several areas some of the worst-case scenario triggers have already occurred. 

Political tensions over unresolved Comprehensive Peace Agreement issues between South Sudan and Sudan—including border demarcation issues, oil transit fees, and the fate of the contested area of Abyei—have characterized the new state’s first year of independence.  Negotiations on oil transit fees failed again in January leading to the shutdown of oil production, deepening the economic crisis in South Sudan.  The failure to negotiate a settlement resulted in military confrontations in March/April 2012 with both sides eventually retreating from further military escalation.  African Union-mediated negotiations between the parties resumed in Addis Ababa on May 29.  However, little progress has thus far been registered at the time of the first recess after one week of talks.

Poor harvests, soaring food and fuel prices, conflict and displacement led to rising hunger and malnutrition across the country.  More than half the population—4.7 million people—is at risk of food insecurity this year.  Of them, at least one million people risk severe food insecurity, and 3.7 million risk moderate food insecurity. 

Inter-communal violence persisted in the first half of the year, spiking in Jonglei State, affecting up to 170,000 people, with many of them being displaced and many more losing their livelihoods.  Overall in South Sudan, humanitarian actors recorded 165 conflict incidents with humanitarian consequences by the end of May, and some 165,000 people newly uprooted from their homes since the beginning of the year. 

Continued conflict and increased food insecurity in Sudan’s Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile states have led to a significant influx of refugees into South Sudan.  The new arrivals now double the planning figure anticipated for 2012.  As of the end of May more than 165,000refugees have arrived from Sudan with several thousands more reportedly on the move.  Although partners have stepped up emergency response, the high rate of arrival has put immense strain on the overall operation. 

In response to the deteriorating humanitarian situation, clusters have revised original CAP projects and have added new projects to address the increasing needs.  This will enable humanitarian operations to continue functioning in a more difficult operating environment.  The revised 2012 Consolidated Appeal for South Sudan comprises 26 new and 59 revised projects (297 projects total), andseeks US$[1]1.15 billion toaddress urgent humanitarian needs.  The increase from the original request of $763 million largely reflects the deteriorating food security situation, the increased numbers of refugees, the high logistical costs for humanitarian operations, and the anticipated impact on millions of South Sudanese of austerity measures resulting from the shutdown of oil production. 

The humanitarian community in South Sudan expresses its gratitude to all donors for their support so far in 2012, with the Consolidated Appeal (CAP) 2012 funded at 45% as of mid-year.  It urges the international community to continue its support at an accelerated pace against the backdrop of increasing humanitarian needs in South Sudan. 

[1]All dollar signs in this document denote United States dollars.  Funding for this appeal should be reported to the Financial Tracking Service (FTS, fts@un.org), which will display its requirements and funding on the current appeals page.

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4 July 2012

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