Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Uganda 2009
In an environment where recovery is emerging as the main requirement, there remain distinct humanitarian needs that are in danger of not being met due to poor funding. With some 1,600,000 individuals across the Acholi, Teso, and Karamoja sub-regions requiring humanitarian assistance, funding of the 2009 Consolidated Appeal as of June is 45% and some organizations, particularly in Teso, were considering closing operations if funding is not forthcoming.
Continuing stability has prompted the majority of IDPs to leave the camps in Acholi where there remain an estimated 455,000 IDPs in the Acholi and Teso sub-regions (compared to 562,000 as of 30 September 2008). Considering the number remaining, and the uncertainty as to how many of them are motivated to return to their zones of origin, the third “durable solution”– those who wish to remain where they are – continues to be an under-attended area of policy. Population movements out of IDP camps, where access to water and sanitation facilities has generally been good, have not been matched by increased provision of services in return sites. Current latrine coverage in return areas in northern Uganda is less than 30%, while access to improved water sources averages only 30%. As a result, the outbreak of hepatitis E, which has killed over 160 people and infected more than 10,000 since 2007, continues to spread, while the likelihood of epidemic outbreaks of other diseases remains high in the region unless significant investments to improve water access and sanitation are made.
In Karamoja, humanitarian response to date continues to provide food assistance to over 80% of food-insecure individuals. Animal diseases are imperilling the semi-arid region’s main source of livelihood: sustained funding for vaccinations will be required to bring current outbreaks under control.
Over half of all current funding to the Food Security Sector has gone toward food assistance, even as it is widely acknowledged that agricultural interventions aimed at expanding land access and use are critical to guaranteeing food and nutritional security in the Acholi and Teso sub-regions.
In the education sector, where no funding has been realised to date, an alarming rate of both pupil and teacher absenteeism coupled with generally poor academic performances across the region is symptomatic of acute gaps in provision of basic infrastructure and services for schools in return areas.
Therefore, for the remainder of the Appeal, the most important priorities include boosting food and livelihood security, enhancing access to water and sanitation in areas of return, increasing immunization coverage and effective disease surveillance and response, and facilitating return and functional capacity of displaced schools.
Since the 2009
Total revised requirements for the Appeal have increased approximately US$21.5 millionto $246,773,189.
These figures include only those in IDP camps, not those now living in transit sites close to zones of origin. The numbers of the latter have dropped from 359,000 in September 2008 (IASC Working Group, Update on IDPs Movement, November 2008) to 244,000 as of May 2009.
Consistent with international principles, three durable solutions to displacement are enshrined in the national IDP policy: 1) return to place of origin (i.e. village of origin); 2) settlement at the site of displacement (i.e. settlement in former IDP camp as it is transformed into a viable community); or 3) settlement in another location in the country (i.e. at a transit site).