Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Uganda 2010
Midway through the 2010 Consolidated Appeal (CAP), the humanitarian context in Uganda remains largely unchanged. While confidence in the sustainability of the current peace has resulted in significant homeward movements by internally displaced people (IDPs) and the closure of three-quarters of the camps, the dearth of basic social services continues to be a fundamental concern in northern Uganda and in Teso. Without significant improvement in their access to such essential services as safe water, sanitation, healthcare, and protection, IDPs returning to villages of origin cannot be said to have found durable solutions to their plight. Meaningful investment in such basic services is not only an effective approach to reducing, for instance, acute vulnerabilities to diseases like hepatitis E, but also represents a concrete peace dividend without which an effective transition from conflict to recovery and development is impossible.
Similarly for Karamoja – where the livelihoods of close to a million people remain chronically fragile amid insecurity, climate change and historical marginalization – priority humanitarian action for the remainder of 2010 must address basic service needs within a wider development paradigm. Occasional excesses associated with the ongoing disarmament programme by the Uganda People’s Defence Forces (UPDF) highlight the urgent need to support the expansion of civilian rule-of-law structures. The outbreak of cholera and the persistence of hepatitis E, which combined have infected over 1,000 people, signify unmitigated vulnerabilities amongst the population, acute deficiencies in safe water and sanitation coverage, and the inadequate availability of essential drugs and human resources.
Across Uganda, natural disasters continue to pose serious threats to life and livelihoods, as illustrated by the landslides and floods in eastern and western Uganda at the beginning of March 2010 that left an estimated 300 people dead and several thousand displaced. Disaster preparedness and response, therefore, remain central to humanitarian concerns in 2010.
Thus, the strategic objectives for the Uganda CAP 2010 are unchanged at the Mid-Year Review. Through the projects in the Appeal, humanitarian actors have committed to support the Government in basic service provision, food security, and emergency preparedness and response. Some two million vulnerable people, including residual and returning IDPs in Acholi and Teso regions, food-insecure populations in Karamoja region, and 143,000 refugees in the West Nile and south-western regions of the country will be targeted through projects worth a revised US$184,398,188.
But the success of this humanitarian plan is contingent on robust donor response to these projects. Unfortunately, at only 31% funding by June, the Uganda CAP 2010 – despite being the smallest in four years and representing a substantial reduction from the preceding Appeal – has realized the lowest funding of all previous Uganda CAPs at a corresponding stage in the last six years.
Since 2000, nearly $1.5 billion has been invested in humanitarian actions in Uganda through the CAP. This largesse has helped to save lives, alleviate suffering, and protect the dignity of vulnerable and needy populations in Uganda. The Uganda CAP 2010, which aims to address unique humanitarian needs during a fragile transition from emergency to recovery and development, provides the opportunity to consolidate this substantial investment.