Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for Zimbabwe 2007
The organisations participating in the Mid-Year Review of the 2007 CAP expect that the humanitarian situation in Zimbabwe will continue to deteriorate in the second half of 2007, particularly for vulnerable households in drought-hit areas. The political situation remains tense as the President of South Africa mediates negotiations between the Government and the two factions of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC). Although nothing on the scale of 2005’s Operation Murambatsvina/Operation Restore Order has taken place, sporadic evictions have occurred. The threat of forced eviction remained ever-present for many informal traders and people living in unauthorised dwellings in urban areas, making them among the most vulnerable in society.
Every sector has reported either constant or growing humanitarian needs. Food security and health are two areas where trends are particularly worrying. Food insecurity has sharply increased following poor rainfall in parts of the country. Some estimates have forecast that crop failures and economic constraints will leave 2.1 million people with food shortages by the third quarter of 2007. Urban vulnerability to climatic shocks, such as drought, is growing, adding an additional concern for humanitarian actors as urban agriculture is an increasingly important coping mechanism for households faced with rising inflation and stagnant wages.
The health sector has experienced a continued decline, with strikes by doctors and nurses continuing into 2007, and recorded shortages of essential drugs. Access to safe water and basic sanitation continued to deteriorate as a result of the general economic decline, eroded institutional and community capacity, persistent droughts, and the effects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Accelerating inflation continues to erode people’s purchasing power. According to the Central Statistics Office, inflation had risen to 4,530% in May, compared to 1,593% in January 2007. Poverty levels have increased considerably as a result.
The ‘dual focus’ on relief and transitional support remains unchanged. In this context, priorities for the next six months will be to save lives, enhance positive coping mechanisms and livelihoods, mitigate the impact on vulnerable populations, and ensure a comprehensive and coordinated response from national and international actors. However, the relative absence of comprehensive inter-agency assessments places limitations on planning and response, meaning that further revisions of humanitarian priorities may happen once ongoing assessments, including the Zimbabwe Food Security and Nutrition Assessment, are completed.
Following this Mid-Year Review, the 2007 CAP has a revised total requirement of $253 million. As of 12 July a total of $122 million has been contributed, leaving unmet requirements of $131 million. The majority of the funding received so far has been for the food sector, with 91% of requirements funded.