Mid-Year Review of the Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan for Kenya 2009
The 2009 Emergency Humanitarian Response Plan (EHRP) is a comprehensive and coordinated strategy to meet the remaining needs of those people internally displaced by the electoral violence in January 2008 and those affected by escalating food and livelihood insecurity. It also aims to assist the increasing number of refugees. This appeal has already been substantially revised once this year, in March, due to a pressing mix of circumstances which required the core strategic objectives of the Plan to be substantially updated. This mid-year review is thus an update of the revision done in March.
The genesis of the EHRP was support for shelter, access to basic services, livelihoods, and initiatives aiming at improving peace and reconciliation to the 663,921 people the Government estimated were displaced as a result of the January 2008 electoral violence. Although Government figures show that 347,418 IDPs have returned home or are now in transit areas, this still leaves a substantial number of persons in need of humanitarian assistance pending longer-term, more durable solutions to their plight.
With regard to the escalating situation of food and livelihood insecurity, the short rains assessment (
The third factor underpinning the March revision was the substantial refugee flows into northern Kenya from Somalia, straining the already overstretched camp and support infrastructure in Dadaab. At the time of the March revision, 14,000 new arrivals had registered since the beginning of the year; as of mid-July this number had risen to 36,000. An additional 60,000 arrivals are expected before the end of the year. If these numbers do materialise, they would increase the total refugee population to 400,000. The 284,000 or more people hosted in the three Dadaab camps has exceeded intended capacity by more than three-fold.
The original plan launched in November 2008 requested US$388 million. It was revised in March 2009 to $581 million. Mid-year revisions have reduced the requirements slightly to $576 million. Overall, funding for the EHRP has been both slow, low in proportion to need, and unbalanced in terms of the spread across sectors. To date the appeal has received $217 million, covering 38% of total requirements.